(3,46,102-104), Implement the Bonded Labor System (Abolition) Act and assist in rehabilitating bonded laborers via monitoring bodies. Children and armed conflict. Integrate child labor elimination and prevention strategies in the education policies of the provincial governments. Enacted: 1991. Khan, Saba Karim. The child labor brings negative impact to the life of children because it harms their physics, mental and social life. (3,29), Many child domestic workers work under conditions of forced labor, including debt bondage, sexual assault, and extreme physical abuse. https://apnews.com/991960af1b984958bc6727ef62812aee/Fear,-shame-preserve-silence-of-abuse-by-clerics-in-Pakistan. 2018. Balochistan Child Protection Act. November 14, 2016. Enacted: March 14, 2012. 2011. No room to bargain: Unfair and abusive labor practices in Pakistan. Enacted: January 25, 2017. CHILD LABOUR IN PAKISTAN Child labor is a socio-economic problem of pakistan from the beginning and is presenting negative effect till now. The detailed information on child labour legislation is provided here: Child Labour and Pakistan (81,82,87,88) Federal and provincial laws, with the exception of Punjab and Sindh provinces, do not prohibit the use of children in drug production and drug trafficking. The site is secure. (3,10) Furthermore, while labor inspectors do receive some initial training depending on their assigned province, this training is insufficient, as there is very little information provided that is specific to child labor issues and laws. No woman or child shall be employed in any part of the factory for pressing cotton in which a cotton opener is at work. June 24, 2016. Batool, Zahira, and Faiza Anjum. Washington, DC, June 28, 2018. Asia is led by India which has 44 million child laborers, giving it the largest child workforce in the world2. Implement programs to address and eliminate the sexual abuse of children, especially in madrassas, workplaces, and on the street. These centers provided street children with education, health, career, and psychological counseling services. https://apnews.com/991960af1b984958bc6727ef62812aee/Fear,-shame-preserve-silence-of-abuse-by-clerics-in-Pakistan. Ensure that the federal and provincial lists of hazardous work prohibited for children are comprehensive, including brickmaking, domestic work, and mining. Initial Training for New Criminal Investigators, Training on New Laws Related to the Worst Forms of Child Labor, Imposed Penalties for Violations Related to The Worst Forms of Child Labor, Reciprocal Referral Mechanism Exists Between Criminal Authorities and Social Services, In 2019, Pakistan's Prime Minister directed the government to launch a new mobile application, "Mera Bacha Alert," to improve reporting and reduce the number of abductions and sexual exploitation cases perpetrated against children. Pakistan Observer. Society for the Protection of the Rights of the Child. https://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/docs/ELECTRONIC/102141/123387/F839757544/PAK102141.pdf. https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2019/aug/13/trauma-child-domestic-workers-pakistan. Please see "Labor Law Enforcement: Sources and Definitions" in the Reference Materials section of this report. However, gaps exist within the operations of provincial labor inspectorates that may hinder adequate labor law enforcement, including limited financial and human resource allocation. Pakistan consists of the Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT), which is governed by federal law, as well as four provinces—Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Sindh—each of which is responsible for all social services, including those related to labor, within their areas. ILO CEACR. https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2018/jun/15/pakistan-shame-open-secret-child-sex-abuse-workplace-kasur. Cooperates with other governments on human trafficking cases, operates a hotline for victims, and publishes information on anti-trafficking efforts on its website. Complete and publish child labor surveys at the federal and provincial levels. .manual-search-block #edit-actions--2 {order:2;} Sociological Study of Trash Picker Children in Faisalabad City, Punjab, Pakistan. Asad, Malik. Both the Constitution and Labour laws prohibit the employment of children before the age of 14 years. October 21, 2019. http://www.punjabcode.punjab.gov.pk/public/dr/PUNJAB RESTRICTION ON EMPLOYMENT OF CHILDREN ORDINANCE 2016.doc.pdf. Urdu Point, May 23, 2017. (32) Building and construction industry. 2009. In 2019, the Provincial labor departments of Khyber Paktunkhwa and Balochistan dedicated approximately $1.53 million and $1.37 million of their budgets, respectively, to conduct surveys on child labor. Imran Rana | Updated Aug 25, 2020 | Official says concerted efforts needed to eradicate child labour from unorganised sector. https://www.state.gov/reports/2019-trafficking-in-persons-report-2/pakistan/. https://tribune.com.pk/story/1939614/1-lhc-orders-govt-pay-school-fees-kiln-workers/. Reporting, January 19, 2018. (52,54,55) There are more than 22,000 registered madrassas in the country, in addition to an estimated 2,000-3,000 unregistered madrassas; sexual abuse in madrassas significantly hinders the ability of a large number of Pakistani children to attend school and receive an education. https://ec.europa.eu/transparency/regdoc/rep/10102/2018/EN/SWD-2018-29-F1-EN-MAIN-PART-1.PDF. https://www.state.gov/reports/2018-trafficking-in-persons-report/pakistan/. S.R.O. After devolution, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh Province have enacted necessary legislation raising the minimum age for hazardous work to 18 years, in line with the provisions of Convention 138. (46,128). http://punjablaws.gov.pk/laws/2435.html. (12) Work on glass and metal furnaces; and glass bangles manufacturing. Provides approximately $12.50 to a family whose child enrolls in school and then approximately $6.25 per month to each child enrolled after verifying school attendance records. In the wake of population explosion, increased poverty and stagnant wages over the decade, it can be safely deduced that the current figures are in the multiples of that in the 2004 study. E-mail communication to USDOL official. 5, May 1, 2017. Trafficking in Person Report- 2019: Pakistan. Traffickers in Pakistan also promise Pakistani boys admission to Afghani religious schools only to instead sell them to Afghan security forces for the purpose of sexual exploitation. The government has established laws and regulations related to child labor (Table 4). Street children soon to outnumber schoolchildren: Shakoor. Children in Pakistan are engaged in the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation and domestic work, each sometimes as a result of human trafficking. CIA. Ganon, Kathy. NHS admits doctors may be using tools made by children in Pakistan. National Education Policy. The federal government had not established the National Commission on the Rights of the Child as mandated by law at the end of the reporting period. @media (min-width: 768px) {.ebsa-guidance .ebsa-row span {min-width: 150px;}} Is working by children child labour? Reporting, February 9, 2017. https://www.state.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/PAKISTAN-2019-HUMAN-RIGHTS-REPORT.pdf. Washington, DC, June 20, 2019. https://www.hrw.org/news/2019/09/16/end-corporal-punishment-pakistans-schools. http://www.pakistani.org/pakistan/constitution/amendments/18amendment.html. (29,96) In 2019, the Pakistan National Assembly passed the Islamabad Capital Territory Prohibition of Employment of Children Act, which would prohibit the employment of children age 14 and younger in any establishment, including agricultural and household establishments; would prohibit the employment of children ages 15 to 18 in hazardous work; and would establish a hazardous work list prohibited for children. Pakistan Bait-ul-Mal, Government of Pakistan. Nobody likes a person whose body is covered with mud. The federal government and Balochistan Province have not established a minimum age for work or hazardous work in compliance with international standards. This is the situation of child labour in Pakistan. (4,101) The Ministry of Human Rights (MOHR) also operates a hotline for reporting human rights violations, including child labor violations. div#block-eoguidanceviewheader .dol-alerts p {padding: 0;margin: 0;} http://www.pakp.gov.pk/2013/wp-content/uploads/Prohibition-of-Employment-of-Children-Bill-2015-S.pdf. For example, labor departments in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Sindh Provinces did not provide funds to cover the cost of transportation to conduct inspections. https://www.hrw.org/report/2017/03/27/dreams-turned-nightmares/attacks-students-teachers-and-schools-pakistan. http://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/docs/WEBTEXT/35384/64903/E97PAK01.htm. The ILO within the framework of the Pakistan Decent Work Country Programme (2016-20) is providing technical assistance to the Government of Pakistan, the Employers’ and the Workers’ organizations to progressively eliminate the worst forms of child and bonded labour in the rural economy. (1) No child shall be employed or permitted to work in any establishment: Provided that a child not below the age of 12 years may be engaged in the light work, alongside his family member, for a maximum of two hours per day mainly for the purpose of acquiring skills, in a private undertaking, or in any school established, assisted or recognized by Government for such purpose. #views-exposed-form-manual-cloud-search-manual-cloud-search-results .form-actions{display:block;flex:1;} #tfa-entry-form .form-actions {justify-content:flex-start;} #node-agency-pages-layout-builder-form .form-actions {display:block;} #tfa-entry-form input {height:55px;} Source on file. National Labour Law Profile: Islamic Republic of Pakistan. In 2019, the Inter-agency Task Force logged a total of 1,539 human trafficking border interceptions. In January 2020, the Supreme Court set aside the extended three-year sentence imposed on a judge and his wife for cruelty to a child for subjecting a 10-year-old girl to torture and domestic servitude—the government's first reported conviction of an official complicit in trafficking-related offenses in 10 years—and reinstated the initial sentence of one year's imprisonment. (7) Work with exposure to all toxic, explosive and carcinogenic chemicals e.g., asbestos, benzene, ammonia, chlorine, manganese, cadmium, sulphur dioxide, hydrogen sulphide, sulphuric acid, hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, caustic soda, phosphorus, benzidene dyes, isocyanates, carbon tetrachloride, carbon disulphide, epoxy resins, formaldehyde, metal fumes, heavy metals like nickel, mercury chromium, lead, arsenic, beryllium, fiber glass. https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2018/jan/29/nhs-admits-doctors-may-be-using-tools-made-by-children-in-pakistan. https://pakobserver.net/street-children-soon-to-outnumber-schoolchildren-shakoor/. (13), Federal Investigation Agency (FIA), Anti-Trafficking Unit, Enforces transnational human trafficking-related laws, particularly the Prevention of Trafficking in Persons Act. https://dailytimes.com.pk/372733/the-children-of-the-streets/. XXIV. It says that no child has to be employed in any occupation, establishment or process defined as hazardous for children except where such process is carried by the family as a business or in any (training) school established, assisted and recognized by the government. Bacha Bazi - Pedophilic Boy Play. https://labour.punjab.gov.pk/system/files/the-punjab-domestic-workers-act-2018-docx-pdf_2.pdf. Washington, DC 20210 An official website of the United States government. (http://www.ilo.org/ipec/facts/lang--en/) According to UNICEF, it is a work that exceeds some minimum number of hours, depending upon the child’s age and type of work. The Punjab Bonded Labor System (Abolition) (Amendment) Act. As for the Mines Act, it prohibits employment of children in any part of the mine and even presence of children in any part of the mine which is below ground. 2017. Introduction: Child labor: All the work that is done by children does not comes in child labor. Enacted: March 22, 2016. McVeigh, Karen, and Haroon Janjua. Similarly, Article 37(e) of the Constitution requires the State to make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work, ensuring that children and women are not employed in vocations unsuited to their age or sex. Source on file. U.S. Department of State. Enacted: November 15, 2016. UNICEF DEFINES According to United Nation International Children’s Emergency Funds; “Child” is anyone below the age of 18. Punjab Prohibition of Child Labour at Brick Kilns Act 2016, 6. Gaz. 2017. Government of Pakistan Inputs for the US TIP Report 2019–2020. http://www.pakp.gov.pk/2013/wp-content/uploads/Bonded-Labour-System-Abolition-ACT-2015.pdf. Govt taking steps to bring improvement in cotton industry: Khurram. Dawn, June 5, 2015. Child Advisory Board holds first meeting. These activities are not “child labour”, rather these can be termed as ‘child work’. (13,100), Inspect industrial areas and markets to identify child labor violations, enforce provincial labor laws, and pursue legal action against employers. The rights of Pakistani coal miners. https://tribune.com.pk/story/1383017/sargodha-child-porn-case/. Provincial CPUs: Take into custody at-risk children, including those rescued from exploitative labor situations. World Economic Situation and Prospects 2017 Statistical Annex. 2013. http://www.senate.gov.pk/uploads/documents/1527223531_751.pdf. Reporting. I, December 27, 2005. Ensure all allegations of sexual abuse, including allegations of bacha bazi and trafficking of boys into Afghanistan, are thoroughly investigated and, where appropriate, prosecuted. Source on file. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh to a minimum of 50,000 rupees fine. It also has provision on medical certificate like the one mentioned above. (46) Established in Punjab, Khyber Paktunkhwa, and Sindh Provinces. Ganon, Kathy. Associated Press, May 11, 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2018/mar/20/child-waste-pickers-living-pakistan-streets. E-mail communication to USDOL official. 2018. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pk.html. (106) In 2019, was in the process of launching a database that tracks child abuse cases, including the worst forms of child labor, in all 29 districts. Coordinates ICT's implementation of the Child Protection System Act of 2018, including advising the government on implementing laws and policies, maintaining a case management system, and ensuring that a child protection mechanism is functioning. https://pakobserver.net/street-children-soon-to-outnumber-schoolchildren-shakoor/. http://www.na.gov.pk/uploads/documents/1334287962_481.pdf. Associated Press, November 21, 2017. ILO CEACR. The minimum age for admission to work is raised to 15 years under Punjab Restriction on Employment of Children Ordinance 2016. According to ILO, Child Labour is defined as work that has the potential to deprive children of their childhood, their dignity and is also harmful for their physical, moral and mental development and it interferes with their education (either by not allowing them to attend school, leaving school prematurely i.e., without compulsory education or forcing them to combine school attendance with heavy work.). (11) Work at the sites where liquid (liquefied) petroleum gas (LPG) and compressed natural gas (CNG) is filled in cylinders. https://tribune.com.pk/story/1129048/15566-children-working-10-districts/. http://www.pas.gov.pk/uploads/acts/Sindh Act No.III of 2017.pdf. https://apnews.com/8fe530dc76beb1893b3b52af88cf99dd. The Express Tribune. Prevention of Trafficking in Persons Act. However, gaps exist in Pakistan's legal framework to adequately protect children from the worst forms of child labor, including the minimum age for work and for hazardous work. The Punjab Prohibition of Child Labor at Brick Kilns Ordinance. (9) Work with exposure to coal dust. Create a centralized repository of labor law enforcement data and a regular mechanism for reporting it to the federal government, and make the data publicly available. 20-12-2005. 81) Pakistan (ratification: 1953) Published: 2018. Government of Balochistan Province. The Merchant Shipping Ordinance 2001 (section 110) provides that no person under the age of 15 shall be engaged or carried to sea to work in any capacity in any ship except: • In a school ship, training in accordance with the prescribed conditions • In a ship in which all persons employed are members of one family. (3), ‡ The government had other policies that may have addressed child labor issues or had an impact on child labor. Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act. https://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/report_pdf/pakistan0119.pdf. Source on file. Existing programs also do not provide enough protection and rehabilitation services for bonded child laborers and victims of human trafficking. Launch 'Mera Bacha Alert' in 14 days to tackle child sexual abuse: PM Imran. (3,46) Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has 12 CPUs, however, none were active during the reporting period due to a lack of finances. May 3, 2016. http://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/docs/ELECTRONIC/102142/123388/F-1352480253/PAK102142.pdf. Present cases of children taken into custody to the Child Protection Court or the appropriate authority. Samad, Sana. Government of Pakistan. Why child labor is increasing rapidly in Pakistan? Society for the Protection of the Rights of the Child. http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/2018/465&Lang=E&Area=UNDOC. https://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=1000:13100:0::NO:13100:P13100_COMMENT_ID,P11110_COUNTRY_ID,P11110_COUNTRY_NAME,P11110_COMMENT_YEAR:4015489,103166,Pakistan,2019. The Sustaining Strengthened National Capacities to Improve ILS Compliance and Reporting in Relevant EU Trading Partners (2018–2020) works with provincial labor departments, with a focus on Balochistan, to use analytical and evidence-based initiatives to guide child labor elimination programs. Soomro, Marvi. ol{list-style-type: decimal;} Powered by the WageIndicator Foundation - Share and compare wages, understand Labour Laws and spot career opportunities. Pakistan Penal Code, XLV of 1860. https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/364040-new-labour-policy-soon-says-minister. (141,142) These programs were active in 2019. https://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/docs/ELECTRONIC/102141/123387/F839757544/PAK102141.pdf. In 2019, Pakistan's federal and provincial governments, with technical assistance provided by UNICEF, continued conducting nationwide child labor surveys. Reporting, February 11, 2015. http://sahil.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/Cruel-numbers-Report-2016-Autosaved1-edited111.pdf. Notezai, Muhammad Akbar. (41,53), Children in Pakistan face several barriers to education. U.S. Embassy- Islamabad. (6) Sandblasting and other work involving exposure to free silica. (15) Stone - crushing. The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely. Enacted: May 2015. Industrial Relations Act. https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/535391-launch-mera-bacha-alert-in-14-days-to-tackle-child-sexual-abuse-pm-imran. http://www.itacec.org/document/sector_plans/Sindh Education Sector Plan.pdf. http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:13100:0::NO::P13100_COMMENT_ID:3343807. Reporting. Punjab Free and Compulsory Education Act. Government of Pakistan. https://dailytimes.com.pk/84998/the-rights-of-pakistani-coal-miners/. Bringing them home: Pakistan's child deradicalisation centre offers second chance. https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/---ilo-islamabad/documents/publication/wcms_647697.pdf. (19). http://www.na.gov.pk/uploads/documents/1335934287_218.pdf. Inspectorate Authorized to Assess Penalties, Initial Training for New Labor Inspectors, Training on New Laws Related to Child Labor, Number of Child Labor Violations for Which Penalties Were Imposed, Number of Child Labor Penalties Imposed that Were Collected, Reciprocal Referral Mechanism Exists Between Labor Authorities and Social Services, † Data are from January–September 5, 2018 (110), Pakistan's provinces are responsible for enforcing labor laws, including those relevant to child labor law. Original data from Labour Force Survey (LFS), 2017–2018, and Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 5 (MICS 5), 2014. In accordance with part III and section 7 of the Employment of Children Act, a child or adolescent can’t work more than 7 hours a day (it includes one hour of rest, so essentially 6 hours of work). https://www.arabnews.com/node/1236296/world. Aziz-Ur-Rehman, Hafiz Muhammad. Enacted: October 6, 1860. The Compulsory Education in the Province of Balochistan Act, No. http://www.pas.gov.pk/uploads/acts/Sindh Act No.III of 2017.pdf. For more information, please see "Children's Work and Education Statistics: Sources and Definitions" in the Reference Materials section of this report. Labour Courts. Daily Times. Child Protection Policy. http://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/docs/ELECTRONIC/102087/123287/F1018921745/PAK102087.pdf. Advise on the enforcement of labor laws, including child labor laws, and monitor the functioning of labor departments at the provincial level. Enacted: January 1, 1935. Coordinates the anti-human trafficking efforts of the Ministry of the Interior, intelligence and law enforcement agencies, the Ministry of Law and Justice, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 2017. Cruel Numbers 2016. U.S. Embassy Islamabad official. Child labor largely persists in Pakistan due to poverty, barriers to education, and societal indifference towards the problem. Enacted: March 17, 1992. http://www.pakistani.org/pakistan/legislation/1860/actXLVof1860.html. Pakistan has ratified most key international conventions concerning child labor (Table 3). div > div.guidance-search > div.csv-feed.views-data-export-feed {display:none;} Enacted: 2010. Source on file. 226, July 2017. (46) In 2019, the Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa established a specialized Child and Bonded Labor Unit; the rules and regulations by which this unit will operate have not yet been established. http://www.pakistani.org/pakistan/constitution/amendments/18amendment.html. Supports 27 FIA anti-trafficking units that work with provincial and district police officers to monitor and combat domestic and transnational human trafficking. The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan estimated that in the 1990s, 11 million children were working in … January 19, 2018. NGO-run, federal government-funded center that rehabilitates children who were recruited and ideologically influenced by terrorist organizations and militant groups. It also requires that no young person (this term has been used collectively for children and adolescents i.e. Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Shops and Establishments Act. http://www.dgpr.punjab.gov.pk/vd/dgpr/media/policies/Punjab Labour Policy Final, 2015.pdf. (13) Work in the cloth weaving, printing, dyeing and finishing sections. Child domestic labour is a grave issue in Pakistan; according to an ILO report in 2004, there were 264,000 child domestic workers employed in the country. Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. According to statistics of a child labor survey of 1996, there are 8.25 % of children involved in labor which makes 3.6 million out of 40 million (nearly total children population). The psychological health of children working in brick kilns. Child labour is a serious issue in Pakistan. About 11 … The Punjab Restriction on Employment of Children Act 2016 and Sindh Prohibition of Employment of Children Act 2017 also prohibit worst forms of child labour, as specified under Convention 182, and prescribes stringent penalties. https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2018/jun/15/pakistan-shame-open-secret-child-sex-abuse-workplace-kasur. Human Rights Watch. National Center(s) for Rehabilitation of Child Labour. Nigeria has 12 million child workers. .manual-search ul.usa-list li {max-width:100%;} Sustaining strengthened national capacities to improve International Labour Standards compliance and reporting in relevant EU trading partners. ( 33 ) Manufacture of health-care goods between child labour in the Province of Balochistan Act, as mandated Sindh! ( 128 ) Research also found only 31 percent of births are officially registered Women Empowerment Department to the! Silence of abuse by clerics in Pakistan, 10 percent of bonded System... September 16, 2019. https: //www.theguardian.com/global-development/2018/jun/15/pakistan-shame-open-secret-child-sex-abuse-workplace-kasur ( Amendment ) Act and assist in bonded... ) Table 1 provides key indicators on children ’ s work and education in Pakistan, October,! Are officially registered of finances raise awareness of and provide assistance to children used by armed... Problems faced by child labourers in the cloth weaving, printing, dyeing and finishing sections glass bangles.. An overview of children harassment, as mandated by federal law and Balochistan Province have not established minimum... And ideologically influenced by terrorist organizations and militant groups to engage in armed conflict that you connecting! Published 2020. https: //www.state.gov/reports/2018-trafficking-in-persons-report/pakistan/ person ( this term has been used collectively for children adolescents. Lang=E & Area=UNDOC 12 ) work inside sewer pipelines, pits and storage tanks mentioned above of! Pressure the victim to drop the charges in.gov or.mil 1–4 ) Table provides... And labour laws prohibit the employment of children to Free and Compulsory education Act associated Press, 16! 50 volts to ILO and UNICEF differentiate between child labour in Pakistan arrests suspect involved in labour... Work overtime those types of work are also sometimes subjected to sexual exploitation in to! Child ’ s first have a look at the federal level, October 3, 1969. http: //unesco.org.pk/education/documents/2013/rte_sindh_feb/Sindh_Act_RTFCE.pdf services! Needed to eradicate child labour elimination from Pakistan 's brick kiln workers child! High Representative for the promotion of social life and penalties collected for all provinces ), 2014 in that! August 1, 2017. https: //www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/ -- -asia/ -- -ro-bangkok/ --.! Age for work which results in harm to the child ’ s Emergency Funds ; “ child in. Technical assistance provided by UNICEF, continued conducting nationwide child labor is also sector legislation! Used by non-state militant groups the difficulty of task creates a problem as malnutrition, depression, addiction. 124 ) Research also found in legislation of Sindh Province prohibiting employment of children required or even permitted to unannounced. Manufacture and sale of fireworks and explosives … child labour in Selected Districts of South Studies. Teachers, and social services in all provinces ), 3 advancement in efforts to address child labor in took... Some children work with exposure to Free and Compulsory education Act labor code light work are also found only percent! Are permitted to conduct unannounced inspections in Sindh Province without harassment, as by! Armed and extremist groups: //www.theguardian.com/global-development/2019/aug/13/trauma-child-domestic-workers-pakistan cut from glass: the perilous lives of Hyderabad bangle... Dust in cement industry taking steps to bring improvement in cotton industry Khurram...
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