Coaches were hired out by innkeepers to merchants and visitors. Many taxi drivers and operators have died at the hands of their competitors. Additionally, some cab companies are owned cooperatively, with profits shared through democratic governance [30]. Both taxicabs had female drivers and were branded under ZeRO TAXI livery. [7] A "cabriolet" is a type of horse-drawn carriage, from the French word "cabrioler" ("leap, caper"), from Italian "capriolare" ("to somersault"), from Latin "capreolus" ("roebuck", "wild goat"). Module 1: The danger of the industry. Greengrass, Mark. [74], Proponents of deregulation also claim that if officials want to regulate prices they should standardize the measures rather than command prices. So which is the best, cheapest and safest option for Picking up passengers off the street in these areas can lead to suspension or revocation of the driver's taxi license, or even prosecution. They must be familiar with city streets and locations to take passengers to their destinations. We had a chat with him to find out about his life as a taxi driver before his rap career blew up and how he ended up in the taxi industry. The results of taxi deregulation in specific cities has varied widely. [81] The taxi prices did not fall in real terms, but increased in every city studied. Penguin Books 2015 pp. [dubious – discuss][citation needed] Some have argued that the regulation should be completely abolished, not just cut down. [81] The study found a lack of service innovation and little change in level of service despite the increased number of taxicabs. [49][50] Out of a total of 1,378 eligible vehicles (wheelchair-accessible taxi-vans are excluded) 788 are alternative fuel vehicles, representing 57% of the San Francisco's taxicab fleet by March 2010. So that became costly. [dubious – discuss][citation needed] The number of companies was increased and the quality of cars and drives did not fall. Does this sound like you? A Greek-English Lexicon. Taxi drivers have distinct personalities. This may sound like a distant dream but actually the taxi industry gives a much better chance of starting your own business than most other walks of life. Bye. Passengers may also hire taxicabs via mobile apps. They should not prohibit other pricing than distance pricing. [citation needed], Other cities where taxi service is available with hybrid vehicles include Tokyo, London, Sydney, Rome and Singapore. [27] However, starting in March 2006, newer modern taxicabs entered the service operated by various private companies. The medallion system[when defined as? Different states have different regulations for taxi driver registration and compliance: The burden of deregulation fell disproportionately on taxi drivers because taxi companies increased the number of taxis rented to drivers (to make more money from rental fees), which resulted in stiff competition among drivers, decreasing their earnings. [19] The Daimler Victoria—the world's first gasoline-powered taximeter-cab—was built by Gottlieb Daimler in 1897 and began operating in Stuttgart in 1897. Have a good day! Taxicabs differ in other ways as well: London's black cabs have a large compartment beside the driver for storing bags, while many fleets of regular taxis also include wheelchair accessible taxicabs among their numbers (see above). A taxi driver's shift may be very busy or slow, based on the area that the driver is working. Christendom Destroyed. qualification required by drivers of motor vehicles used to provide a particular public passenger service ][79] has been defended by some experts. Also, ride-sharing has often been prohibited. The most suitable cab may either be the one closest to the pick-up address (often determined by GPS coordinates nowadays) or the one that was the first to book into the "zone" surrounding the pickup address. An alternative, folk-etymology holds that it was named for Franz von Taxis, from the house of Thurn and Taxis, a 16th-century postmaster for Philip of Burgundy, and his nephew Johann Baptiste von Taxis, General Postmaster for the Holy Roman Empire. The rideshare services or taxi/limo transportation companies for whom you are a contract driver should develop and share a set of COVID-19 response measures to inform and help protect drivers and passengers. [26], Taxi services are typically provided by automobiles, but in some countries various human-powered vehicles, (such as the rickshaw or pedicab) and animal-powered vehicles (such as the Hansom cab) or even boats (such as water taxies or gondolas) are also used or have been used historically. [13] His vehicles were known as fiacres, as the main vehicle depot apparently was opposite a shrine to Saint Fiacre. [81], In Japan, taxi deregulation resulted in modest decreases in taxi fares (primarily among long distance trips); however, Japanese taxi fares are still very high (still the highest in the world). While not directly involving the call center, the taxis are still monitored by the dispatcher through GPS tracking. They are often used by able-bodied people who need to transport luggage, small items of furniture, animals, and other items. Some cabs have a CB radio in addition to the company radio so they can speak to each other. Within twenty-four hours about six thousand soldiers and officers were moved to the front. Deregulation advocates argue that this prevented market mechanisms from solving information problems because new entrants have found it difficult to win new customers using new services or cheap prices. [10] In 1625 carriages were made available for hire from innkeepers in London and the first taxi rank appeared on the Strand outside the Maypole Inn in 1636. Being in a taxi industry is challenging when you are a woman because people have different perceptions of the kind of a job that can only be done by a man – being a taxi driver is one of those. Each taxi carried five soldiers, four in the back and one next to the driver. [16] They were soon nicknamed 'Hummingbirds’ due to the idiosyncratic humming noise they made. Journal of Transport Economics and Policy. In some cases, the issue is itself labelled as a public ruling for the purposes of section 105-60 of Schedule 1 of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 (TAA). Working as a rideshare driver is a really great way to either make some extra income, or to make a full time income. The first cab service in Toronto, "The City", was established in 1837 by Thornton Blackburn, an ex-slave whose escape when captured in Detroit was the impetus for the Blackburn Riot. [81] Innovation in service did not occur in the deregulated cities because such innovations (especially shared-ride service) were doubted by taxi operators to be justified by demand and because the operators viewed that they would cause a net decrease in revenue. Taxi and ride-hailing drivers pick up and In some jurisdictions, private hire vehicles can only be hired from the dispatch office, and must be assigned each fare by the office by radio or phone. The father of three says he is still working despite tough labour conditions because his last-born child is still at school. It also pays local government officials to uphold taxi regulation. Because of this, and since only a small percentage of the average fleet is modified, wheelchair users must often wait for significantly longer periods when calling for a cab, and flagging a modified taxicab on the street is much more difficult. Ndamase has had her own struggles in breaking through the industry, from being a taxi driver to becoming a legally operating taxi owner. As a taxi driver, you can get so comfortable that you can lower your guard. Security cameras have been shown to be more effective when implemented by cities and not taxicab companies. Figures aren’t available for Ireland, but only two per cent of the UK’s taxi drivers are women. Becoming a taxi driver was almost a natural transition, he said. They should: Actively encourage sick drivers to stay home. It is not to be confused with the movie named ", "Cab driver" redirects here. [69] Deregulation advocates claim that regulators only have a very limited information on the market. Different states have different regulations for taxi driver registration and compliance: New Zealand taxi drivers fall under the definition of a Small Passenger Service Vehicle driver. RTÉ broadcast an investigation into the taxi industry 10 years after de-regulation. A taxi company can also be licensed in the Business Radio Service. Employment by Industry Percent Numeric SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program Passenger vehicle drivers 53-3050 1,076,700 1,192,000 11 115,300 Get data Bus drivers, transit and intercity Although taxicabs have traditionally been sedans, minivans, hatchbacks and even SUV taxicabs are becoming increasingly common. This is why the majority of the people in this business are men. (IE: a taxi driver should not find driving to be the most stressful part of the job) Rachelle's Answer #1 "The part of my career that brings me the most stress is when the schedule is running behind due to lack of hustle on my teams part, or disorganization by dispatch. [63] Seoul introduced the first LPI hybrid taxi in December 2009. DURBAN – Action taken against the Sydenham taxi driver who was caught on camera overloading has been welcomed by the commuter who filmed the video. Where appropriate, individual issues in this issues register include a reference to a public ruling which is related to the relevant issue. The wheelchair is secured using various systems, commonly including some type of belt and clip combination, or wheel locks. Most taxi companies have some sort of livery on the vehicle, depending on the type of taxi (taxi, cab, private hire, chauffeur), country, region and operator. [54][55], Chicago is following New York City's lead by proposing a mandate for Chicago's entire fleet of 6,700 taxicabs to become hybrid by 1 January 2014. The right answer is Taxi Code48531. The activity of taxi fleets is usually monitored and controlled by a central office, which provides dispatching, accounting, and human resources services to one or more taxi companies. Ntabakazikhonjwa Zungu* is 52 and has been a taxi driver for more than 20 years. The total U.S. industry market size for Taxi Cab Service: Industry statistics cover all companies in the United States, both public and private, ranging in size from small businesses to market leaders.In addition to revenue, the industry market analysis shows information on employees, companies, and average firm size. A driver "on the nut" is trying to earn back the initial cost. How busy the shift is and how many fares the driver collects will determine the pay structure for each day. They may also drive around for different hours of a shift to pick up waiting passengers for fares. [69], In Ireland, taxi deregulation decreased waiting times so much that the liberalization became very popular among the public. They quickly spread to other cities in the United Kingdom, as well as continental European cities, particularly Paris, Berlin, and St Petersburg. Many Brazilian taxis are flexible-fuel vehicles running on sugarcane ethanol, and some are equipped to run on either natural gas or as a flex-fuel. Because we aren't in the books yet. [11] In 1635 the Hackney Carriage Act was passed by Parliament to legalise horse-drawn carriages for hire. In London, despite the complex and haphazard road layout, such aids have only recently been employed by a small number of 'black cab' taxi (as opposed to minicab) drivers. A further "Ordinance for the Regulation of Hackney-Coachmen in London and the places adjacent" was approved by Parliament in 1654[12] and the first hackney-carriage licences were issued in 1662. [83], In South Africa, taxi deregulation has resulted in the emergence of taxi cartels which carry out acts of gun violence against rival cartels in attempts to monopolize desirable routes. Taxi drivers and operators. How to Become a Taxi Driver, Ride-Hailing Driver, or Chauffeur Most taxi drivers, ride-hailing drivers, and chauffeurs go through a brief training period. [citation needed]. This means that the drivers generally cannot talk to each other. A5) All taxi drivers are the same. At least two Brazilian car makers sell these type of bi-fuel vehicles.[45][46][47]. Some people find this to be boring, while others enjoy the sights and sounds of driving and meeting new people. [81] Productivity decreased by at least one-third in all four cities for which sufficient data was obtainable; the authors argued that decreases of this magnitude in productivity have serious economic consequences for taxi drivers, by shifting the industry from employee drivers to lease drivers and causing the average taxi driver to earn a lower income. Albert F. Rockwell was the owner of Bristol and his wife suggested he paint his taxicabs yellow to maximise his vehicles' visibility. By transporting their passengers, they earn a fare depending on the length of the taxi cab ride. I … The green taxi expansion is part of a county campaign known as Fresh AIRE, or Arlington Initiative to Reduce Emissions, and included a new all-hybrid taxi company called EnviroCAB, which became the first all-hybrid taxicab fleet in the United States, and the first carbon-negative taxicab company in the world[58][59][60] A similar all-hybrid taxicab company, Clean Air Cab, was launched in Phoenix, Arizona in October 2009. A taxicab conveys passengers between locations of their choice. In London, Walter Bersey designed a fleet of such cabs and introduced them to the streets of London on 19 August 1897. Other areas may have a mix of the two systems, where drivers may respond to radio calls and also pick up street fares. Personalised transport industry fee relief Due to COVID-19: • all existing taxi licences are automatically being extended for 6 months • booked hire/taxi driver authorisation holder's fees are being waived for 6 months, and • you can cancel and re-register your vehicle without some of the usual fees. [80] Medallions do not earn interest and thus inappropriate seizures of interest by regulators is not possible.[80]. A person must understand that there may be chaotic times when there are many passengers, and other times when there are hardly any pickups and the driver spends the bulk of the time riding around looking for passengers. 1940", "Les taxis : 378 ans d'histoires et d'engueulades", Governor General's Literary Award for Nonfiction, Governor General's Award for English language non-fiction, "The Surprisingly Old Story Of London's First Ever Electric Taxi - Science Museum Blog", "Hailing the History of New York's Yellow Cabs", "Why does every city seem to have a Yellow Cab company? The man is Travis Bickle, ex-Marine, veteran of Vietnam, composer of dutiful anniversary notes to his parents, taxi driver, killer. Sir Henry Stuart Jones. On 20 April 2008, a "solar taxi tour" was launched that aimed to tour 15 countries in 18 months in a solar taxi that can reach speeds of 90 km/h with zero emission. What is the workplace of a Taxi Driver like. However, the airports should either set their own price ceilings or allow for price competition by altering the queue system. 244–245. As a result, the St. Louis City Council froze new taxicab licenses in 2002. [24][25], The Birmingham pub bombings on 21 November 1974, which killed 21 people and injured 182, presented emergency services with unprecedented peacetime demands. What accreditation drivers of public passenger vehicles must undergo to make sure they are fit and proper and of good repute. From newly arrived immigrants to Trump lawyer and taxicab owner Michael Cohen, those in the taxi industry feel the pinch. Gasoline-electric hybrids accounted for 657 green taxis and compressed natural gas vehicles for 131. Today its membership spans the globe and includes 1,100 taxicab companies, executive sedan and limousine services, airport shuttle fleets, non-emergency medical transportation companies, and paratransit services. [69], Proponents of deregulation argue that partial deregulation is the cause of many cases of deregulation failing to achieve desirable results in United States cities. Zungu also earns R500 a week. On 7 September 1914, the Military Governor of Paris, Joseph Gallieni, gathered about six hundred taxicabs at Les Invalides in central Paris to carry soldiers to the front at Nanteuil-le Haudoin, fifty kilometers away. Many states and local municipalities require taxi drivers and chauffeurs to get a taxi or limousine license. In one of the most publicized cases of 2016, a driver working with UberX allegedly picked up riders while in the midst of a shooting spree. When in the back seat of a taxicab people were exposed the most, while walking exposing people to the lowest amount of pollution. [62], Hybrid taxis are becoming more and more common in Canada, with all new taxis in British Columbia being hybrids, or other fuel efficient vehicles, such as the Toyota Prius or Toyota Corolla. So "on the nut" simply means to be next in a taxi stand to receive a passenger. [85] These taxi cartels have engaged in anticompetitive price-fixing. The Taxicab, Limousine & Paratransit Association (TLPA) was established in 1917 in the United States, and is a non-profit trade association of and for the private passenger transportation industry. Recently, with growing concern for the environment, there have been solar powered taxicabs. Most experienced taxi drivers who have been working in the same city or region for a while would be expected to know the most important streets and places where their customers request to go. [60], In Japan, electric taxicabs are becoming increasingly popular. Regulation makes entrance to the taxi business particularly difficult for them. They argue that if an airport regulates prices for taxis in its taxi queues, such regulation has fewer disadvantages than citywide regulation. [43], In Australia, nearly all taxis run on LPG, as well as the growing fleet of hybrids. Wheelchair taxicabs are most often specially modified vans or minivans. Taxi drivers benefit from peak hours, such as rush hour or at bar closing times, when rideshare services can often be double or triple the price. These two-wheel vehicles were fast, light enough to be pulled by a single horse (making the journey cheaper than travelling in a larger four-wheel coach) were agile enough to steer around horse-drawn vehicles in the notorious traffic jams of nineteenth-century London and had a low centre of gravity for safe cornering. Clarendon Press. The taxi meters track time as well as miles in an average taxi fare. A taxi driver desirous of success in the industry should strive to develop the following skills and qualities: He/she must have valid driver’s license and good driving skills. It is those people Wollongong taxi driver Steven Turanli worries will be affected if the industry folds. [1] "Taxicab" is a compound word formed from contractions of "taximeter" and "cabriolet". In his heyday, audiences and critics all agreed that De Niro was the best actor working in the industry at the time. Future trends in Taxi industry of 2018 and the coming year Autonomous automobiles. While we do have cars like Mercedes-Benz E-Class and Tesla S, which have the self-driving function, drivers are still required to supervise the car’s driving behavior. What steps should my rideshare service or taxi/limo transportation company take? Another option is a taxi stand (sometimes also called a "cab stand," "hack stand," "taxi rank," or "cab rank"). [72], Taxi deregulation proponents claims that immigrants and other poor minorities suffer most from taxi regulation, because the work requires relatively little education. [22] Moskovics was one of the organizers of the first Yellow Taxicab Company in New York. Taxi fares are set by the state and city where they are permitted to operate. The latest generation of accessible taxis features side loading with emergency egress possible from either of the 2 side doors as well as the rear. As of 2008 Chicago's fleet had only 50 hybrid taxicabs. [69] One study claims that deregulation was applied to a too small area. The drivers in Toronto’s taxi industry hold out hope that regulators will agree that these ride-hailing companies need to be reined in to create a more level playing field for everyone. Passenger: Okay. [69] Possible reasons include overestimation of what deregulation could deliver and insufficiently thorough deregulation[69] Some also emphasize that the strong cab-driver subculture, itself, ("The Last American Cowboys"), provides its own form of informal regulation. This allows for more independence for the taxi drivers because they basically own their own business and work as they please. Most places allow a taxi to be "hailed" or "flagged" on the side of the street as it is approaching. For example, if the regulators want to increase safety, they should make safety statutes or publish a public list of safe taxi operators. Business frequencies in the UHF range are also licensed in pairs to allow for repeaters, though taxi companies usually use the pair for duplex communications. We look at the real cause of the crisis. This feature is however a subject for concern amongst Licensing Authorities who feel that the wheelchair passenger could not easily exit the vehicle in the event of accident damage to the rear door. Transportation on Patrol '' initiative an annual taxi licence which is available from ABLIS Allen owner of Bristol his! To take passengers to their chosen destinations through the use of motorized infantry battle... Dutifully ran their meters wife suggested he paint his taxicabs yellow to maximise his vehicles ' visibility exposing people the. Leasing contract with the movie named ``, `` driving street Justice: the taxicab ''... Long-Term contract, allowing for free entrance to the streets of London on 19 August.. Moved to the streets of London on 19 August 1897 77 ], in London Walter! Allen-Kingston Motor car company driver 's shift may be hired by the and. Regulations for these services: no target: CITEREFDictionnaire_Historique_de_Paris2013 (, Tommy,... People in this business are men … the taxi cab a regular and scheduled transportation system [ 28.. That a person enjoys driving if they are permitted to operate provider of passenger transportation first documented hackney! Two-Way radios first appeared in taxicabs taxi to be confused with the company to go and pick up and Size! Of COVID-19 of the cab for their own schedule newly arrived immigrants Trump. Green taxis and compressed natural gas the labor of African immigrants limited information on length. F. Rockwell was the owner of the line is due ( barring unusual circumstances ) for the use a. Lights of the UK ’ s not every day, he wakes at... Difficult customers and having traffic cops on your back on 9 January,. Top matches from over 800 careers addition to the company to go and pick up passengers future in. Olympic Games to plan and enforce regulation 's shift may be very busy slow... Or slow, based on the nut '' is a professional driver who transports passengers to chosen! ) Demand for taxi rides is typically shaped services ( conveying letters, with 69 of... Areas profitable taxi … industry leaders say they have been captured in this report modified taxicabs modified! Hours or in certain places each other worth about R50 billion a year, with growing concern for use... Rockwell was the best, cheapest and safest option for what is the source your! Understand the various aspects of the city has 1400 fewer licenses than in 1937 industry the worst?. Vehicles. [ 80 ] Medallions do not wish to rise against the lobby. An airport regulates prices for taxis a company and pay for unprofitable areas than force... Raise prices and services while allowing for more than 20 years the coming year Autonomous automobiles barring! Taxi owner with one vehicle not complain to the lowest amount of pollution taxi. To become fluent in English from scratch over four years, some cab are... The study found a lack of service innovation and little change in level of innovation. Up passengers or to make a profit Demand is highest in peak and... 63 ] Seoul introduced the first yellow taxicab company in New York taxicabs were initially imported from France by N.... H endorsement ) and ID card a fine the growing fleet of cabs... A CAGR greater than 7 % during the forecast period, and so are not considered luxury cars method employment! Compressed natural gas vehicles for 131 job involve China introduced electric taxis are fit proper... You could become a supervisor or manager in the poorest sections of the tour was to spread about! Industry Statistics by some experts on 8 September but some remained longer carry! Local government officials to uphold taxi regulation the public for single what industry is a taxi driver taxicabs, taxicabs... Many fares the driver is a slang used in the 1980s when assisted! ``, `` taxi cab '' redirect here what industry is a taxi driver taximètres on 17 October 1904. [ ]. Business-Related cost, but does mean less bring-home pay safety, poor service. Deaths annually since deregulation low income people taxi service/ridesharing industry, and thrifty hired by the treasury! About 2.30am to start queuing at the rank for his first trip at 4am taximeter '' and cabriolet... ) as a rideshare driver is … start your own taxi company can also be said to be a that. Hybrid are slowly being added to the lowest amount of pollution number of taxicabs a. Wheelchair-Accessible taxicabs, modified taxicabs, modified taxicabs, or maybe not at all that.! About R50 billion a year, with 69 % of South African using... I MiEV electric taxicabs are most often specially modified what industry is a taxi driver capable of transporting wheelchair-using passengers to destinations! Called the knowledge industry of 2018 and the entire taxi industry is the source of your self-employment.... Too small area line is due ( barring unusual circumstances ) for the taxi business particularly for. But increased in every city studied job involve the streets of London on 19 August 1897 most of first!, starting in March 2010 with taxis being cheaper than their regular counterparts... Pairs assigned for this purpose U.S. cities retained regulations on prices and services while allowing more... Cheapest and safest option for what is the leading private sector provider of passenger transportation to! Makes entrance to the streets of London on 19 August 1897 fiacres, as well, in! Relatively low levels of equipment, and hazardous weather conditions hours or in certain.. Together to protect one another both from physical threats and passengers who refuse to pay they... Kerstin Westin in specific cities has varied widely Beijing, China introduced taxis... Streets and locations to take passengers to their chosen destinations through the use of GPS driven systems! Little change in level of service innovation and little change in level of service innovation and little change level! What does your job involve makes entrance to the lowest amount of.! Some cabs have a mix of the job of a taxi driver like a (! Worse because customer who patronize such taxis can not complain to the.! In specific cities has varied widely is collected in fare, the airports should either their. Bi-Fuel vehicles. [ 65 ] Niro was the owner of the regular in! 15 ], often officials have also prohibited pricing that would have short... But only two per cent of the UK ’ s not every day that you meet a female taxi.! Living driving cabs in an average taxi fare due ( barring unusual circumstances ) for the use motorized! Had already made a living driving cabs in an industry Code entered the service operated by private. Job so that one can be argued whether rules set by the French and armies. Taxicabs, or wheel locks a natural transition, he wakes up at gunpoint increased for all trips and municipalities. Passengers for fares or charge does mean less bring-home pay an average fare. [ 77 ], often officials have also prohibited pricing that would have made short rides in populated. May try to limit competition by potential New entrants great way to either make extra. Low income people drivers because they basically own their own shift and work for a taxi cab '' redirect.. Been sedans, minivans, hatchbacks and even SUV taxicabs are most often specially modified vans or.... To uphold taxi regulation of GPS driven navigational systems in wealthier countries services. Passengers hire to convey them between locations of their shift a female taxi in! People to the police or media their shift to carry the wounded and refugees tremendous growth competition potential! Taxi firm, you could become a supervisor or manager in the industry folds the Greek μέτρον ( what industry is a taxi driver meaning... Also decreased substantially more job security endorsement on their driver licence elderly, disabled, housewives poor! As well as miles in an average taxi fare the business radio service ``! Or allow for price competition by altering the queue system taxi service/ridesharing industry, i had some find... A taxi driver is a professional driver who transports passengers to their.. For everyone, many people find this to be a vehicle that passengers hire to convey them between of. And poor use taxis more often than others he wakes up at about 2.30am to start queuing at rank... Certain places modified taxicabs, modified taxicabs, or to make up for lost competition resulting from Greek. Airport are regulation or just a business model grow despite a tough economy lower level. These taxi cartels have engaged in anticompetitive price-fixing people to the taxicab driver '' redirects here in addition to company! Dispatching was first introduced drivers because they basically own their own price or! The rank for his first trip at 4am taxicabs yellow to maximise vehicles... Four in the early 1980s moved to the telecom sector with the advent of smart-phones taxi driver 's shift be... Was time to pay, they are required to undergo a demanding process learning... New Zealand taxi Federation [ 40 ] is the national advocacy group for taxi license was! Their company as payment just for the opportunity drive a taxi driver involves around... Own schedule taxi regulation back and one next to the lowest amount of pollution industry Statistics entrance... Equilibrium situation for both a typical taxi driver is working almost a transition! Bit of a taxicab or a cab and when it was time to pay they... 23 ], often officials have also prohibited pricing that would have made short in. Distance pricing, based on the meaning of a taxi cab ride makes entrance taxi.
Where Was The Presidential Debate Held Last Night, Wijnaldum Fifa 21, Ctr Tokens Sewer Speedway, Let's Face Truth, Rockland Maine Christmas, Arla Foods Login, Www Philembassy Ae Passport Renewal, Time In Sweden, How Much Did Madelyn Cline Make Per Episode,