Select your food scraps. A well-composted garden is going to grow more vigorously while producing food with much higher levels of nutrients for your family. If your curb-side garbage service does not allow for compostable materials in its yard waste bin, you’ll want to find a local compost removal service or compost buying service. Without air, your pile will start to rot and smell. How to Start a Compost Pile. Many organic materials can be composted, but there are some items … This is more labor-intensive than having a composting bin that you can rotate. The best times to turn it are either when it starts cooling down under 100 degrees Fahrenheit or when the material reduces in size by one third. Ideally start your compost bin in spring and for best results combine a mixture of soft, green, nitrogen-rich material and dry, brown, carbon-rich material in … Moisture helps break everything down; sprinkle the compost with water every now and then, unless your scraps are wet enough on their own. It is important that the site is not subjected to extremes of temperature and … Think of how much waste there is from stems, pits, seeds, cores, peels, and more. Think about worms. Depending on how much land you have, you may opt for a compost machine. Know what outside waste is compostable. Many times we forget about produce in the refrigerator or on the counter, and they rot. CONS: The most expensive of these options (although still very affordable!) We use onion skins and the tops, not extra onion pieces. It’s amazing to put them to use and keep them out of the landfills. Rural Living Gardening | Hydroponics | Generators, Backyard Chickens | Barbecue Grills | Greenhouses | Prepping | Livestock. This aids drainage and helps aerate the pile. Place your hand on some material on the outside of the pile, then on some material on the inside of the pile. If you want to use a bin rather than a compost pile, there are special vermicomposting bins. Some examples of what you can put in a compost pile or compost machine include: Everyday examples include rinds from mandarins, oranges and grapefruits; carrot and potato peels; avocado peels and pits. Other yard debris such as straw, wood ash, weeds, etc. When starting a compost pile, the recommended practice is to layer or alternate these greens and browns, the same way as you would for making lasagna. Scraps from fruits and vegetables are greens while paper products are browns. Adding Organic Materials. You use up all of your produce scraps, coffee grounds, eggshells, tea bags, etc. Lastly, put down a couple inches of soil. How to start a compost pile: A beginner's guide. The pile should be easily accessible, and, depending on your preferences, hidden from the main view of your yard/garden. The pile will need to be turned every few weeks with a shovel in order to aerate the compost. The site and container. Think of how much you throw away from a pineapple. Some examples of browns to compost include newspaper, printer paper, coffee filters, napkins, paper towel and toilet paper rolls. You can also camouflage a compost pile with tall flowering plants or fencing. These are the greens. Starting a compost pile is a simple matter of diverting scraps of fruits, vegetables, and other compost-safe items from your garbage can into the compost system. I would make serious compost if we had the resources for it, but we only have the byproducts of our family of 4, some chickens and guinea pigs. In addition, you can tear up cardboard boxes to include in compost. Will you vermicompost? There’s a lot of compostable materials you can use. Basically, if it grows, it goes! Outside, grass clippings, are considered green material. As a general rule, for the beginner composter, this excludes meat and dairy products. Sometimes, we forget about produce and it goes bad. Owning one may make it more appealing to compost. in diameter) or straw, about 4 to 6 inches (10-12 cm.). Once you get started, composting is easy. Will you start a compost pile or begin composting with a tumbler? You will use these blocks to contain your compost. You can use cooked vegetables (we don’t) if they don’t contain added oils, butter, or meat fats. Composting is the most Earth-friendly way to dispose of your food waste, and it's easy to get started. They add to it but pretty much just let it do it’s thing naturally. Compost is the most important thing you can use in your garden to improve your land’s fertility (lawn, garden, and landscape), get rid of kitchen and yard waste efficiently, and save time and money. Choose an open, level area with good drainage. If you have some land, you can use concrete blocks or bricks to build a compost heap. Or you can turn the pile once a week or so to make it finish faster. You simply turn the handle to rotate the compost. Next, add in some green materials, such as. Also note that wood materials don’t break down as easily so you may unknowingly have a higher carbon ratio than you think. This impedes aeration and inhibits microbes. If you want to create finished compost in a short amount of time you should turn your compost pile often. We know a few people with a heaping pile of compost on their property. Think about the plant and kitchen waste you can recycle to create rich, nutritionally-dense matter. Every layer after that should adhere to the 3:1 ration of browns to greens. These items all break down and turn into a nutrient rich fertilizer that can then be used in your garden, so if you don’t have one already cooking, it’s time to learn the basics and get started. No problem. Whether you are a beginner at composting or have done it for years, you will love being able to reuse what would otherwise be kitchen waste and scraps filling up our landfills. Straw, hay, logs, dried leaves are brown. You will feel good about using leftover fruit and vegetable scraps. A stainless steel compost pail or other compost container will make kitchen clean-up... 2. You can toss many things in your compost heap. Think of how many vegetable scraps and fruit scraps you throw away every day. and it doesn’t hold as much as a large pile. Using the Batch Pile … We were happy to be minimizing the methane gas by-products as well. If the pile gets too wet, you can turn it more frequently to dry it, or add more brown materials to soak up excess moisture. Layering your Compost Pile. Continue to add layers of nitrogen and carbon materials until you reach the top or run out. Consider an area where you can start a composting system and how much room you have. You can't have raw melon rinds out there and different scraps in plain view, uncovered, or you will attract lots of pests that you don't want, including cockroaches, raccoons, maybe even rats. This is what makes composting fun because you can feel good about not letting anything go to waste. These are things you already have that you are likely throwing away. Most of your water will come from rain, as well as the moisture in green materials, but you may need to water the pile yourself on occasion. If you have wildlife, live in an HOA, or have a smaller space, you may opt for a compost bin. Our family eats a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables. Using The Right Mix Of Materials. Residents simply deposit their compostable materials directly from their compost pails to their curb-side barrels. But where to begin and how to start composting is where some people get stuck. PROS: Compost tumblers are probably the most beginner-friendly composting method!This method allows your compost to really heat up, is easy to turn, and deters most pests! Distance. Think of composting like you think of recycling: an easy step you take to preserve the environment. Keeping the compost pile turned on a frequent basis will help with aeration and speed up decomposition. layer or alternate these greens and browns, Keeping the compost pile turned on a frequent basis, Turning Your Compost Heap - How To Aerate A Compost Pile, Lasagna Composting - How To Layer Sod For A Lasagna Compost Garden, Managing Compost Odors: How To Keep An Odorless Compost Bin, Pachycereus Elephant Cactus Info: Tips For Growing Elephant Cactus At Home, Indoor Maidenhair Fern Care – Growing A Maidenhair Fern As A Houseplant, Growing Indoor Calla Lilies – Care For Calla Lilies In The Home, What Is Malabar Spinach: Tips For Growing And Using Malabar Spinach, Viburnum Problems: Why Won’t My Viburnum Bush Flower, Tying Up Cabbage Leaves: Do You Have To Tie Up Cabbage Heads, Torrential Rains And Plants: What To Do If Rain Is Knocking Down Plants, My Oldest Houseplant: A Ponytail Palm That’s Seen It All, Christmas Cactus Plants Bring Memories Of Grandmother, The Challenges Of Growing Gardenia As A Houseplant, Shamrock Plant Care – Growing My Lucky Oxalis Houseplant. Here are five of the most common reasons people start backyard compost piles for use in their gardens. If autumn where you live means you have to rake leaves, gather them up to add to your compost pile. Indoor composters are ideal for people with small balconies or not much yard space. Too much moisture – In a compost pile that is too wet, the pockets in between the particles will be filled with water rather than air. Are you new to composting? During certain parts of the year, depending where you live, you may want to cover it with wood or plastic sheeting to keep in moisture and warmth. Choose a composting system. 4. It’s important for you to consider which composting method will work best for you. You will know if you need to add more carbon to the pile because it will stink. This specific unit even has two separate compartments which is very helpful!. What to compost? Read more articles about Composting Basics. 5. Compost bins are easy to turn over and may be less labor intensive than raking and turning over an outdoor compost heap with a shovel or rake. In a pinch, you can use an empty coffee can or other container. This article will help with simple instructions for starting a compost pile. We grow potatoes in containers, and we compost the leaves from them. When a family’s compostable materials go to a compost bin instead of the trash can, waste can be reduced by up to 30%. A stainless steel compost pail or other compost container will make kitchen clean-up easier, and you can store it in your kitchen. The C stands for Carbon. Sun or Shade? A successful compost pile has a ratio of at least 3 times as many browns as you have greens is a recipe for success. There are increasingly more areas (Vancouver, Canada comes to mind) that requires the residents to compost their food scraps. How to compost at home for beginners in five steps: 1. You may know composting has many benefits. And if you know me, you know I always prefer simple. It is an organic way to fertilize your garden. Start your compost by layering a thick layer of shredded cardboard — thicker when starting a compost pile on the ground –as a base. You want to aim for 25 – 30 parts carbon to one part nitrogen. Grow Awesome Orchids. You can compost pear and apple cores, plum and peach pits, seeds and the tops from peppers. To say that rabbit manure compost is nutritious to the garden plants doesn’t even start to describe the many benefits of this versatile material. Other things to consider are the heat. Before you decide, there are factors to consider. Our town offers this in the form of a green barrel designed for yard waste and leaves. This includes most all produce scraps from your fresh fruits and vegetables. It’s satisfying to use everything again and again. Also, know that with compost heaps and compost piles, it will smell. Household composting is the process of converting kitchen and yard waste into valuable fertilizer. There are other things which make a good compost pile, but I’ll save that for google to explain to the curious. Otherwise, put your watermelon rinds and seeds in the compost instead of the garbage. Start with fruits and veggies — the skin of a sweet potato, the top of your … You may want to locate it closer to where you will use it, near the garden, etc. You can even use continuous-use composters indoors, where raw compost materials are kept separate from completed compost. It also saves the cost of bringing in extra dirt. So for every shovel or bucketful of greens, sprinkle in 3 of the same measure of browns. You can make your own compost pile by layering compost materials over bare earth, alternating with dry materials such as leaves, straw, or sawdust. But if you’re living alone or don't think your family would have a ton to compost, worms might be just what you were looking for to finally start composting. Compost Tumbler Pros and Cons: Is It Right For You? What goes at the bottom of the compost pile, Use Your Compost to Fertilize Your Garden or Yard, How Often Should I Water My Vegetable Garden, Privacy Policy, Disclosures and Affiliate Disclosure, Compost turns into a valuable fertilizer for gardens and lawns, Composting saves up to 1/3 of landfill space. Before putting your watermelon rind in the compost, you may want to give it to your chickens first. How Often Should I Water My Vegetable Garden This means the C:N ratio should be 25:1 approximately. http://www.waysandhow.com Subscribe to Waysandhow: https://goo.gl/RK2SbN Start your own compost pile right at home. You can get many browns from outside, in nature, as well as from inside your home. However, when you compost these vegetable and fruit scraps, you use all of it. From inside your home, think fruit and vegetable scraps. Start on one side of the compost, laying down a few inches of green material. What to compost? You will want to start with a base layer in your compost pile or in your compost bin. In addition, you can compost without using worms — vermicomposting — which might be more appealing. In no time, you will be on your way to composting and contributing to your gardens with soil amendment you created organically. Kitchen compost bins are affordable and simple. You can find them at most home stores and gardening stores. Instead, it’s a living micro-system filled with teeny living organisms, busily breaking down all that ‘garbage’ into easily accessible minerals and nutrients for your plants to take back up and prepare for your food use. Keep in mind that a compost heap or pile may not appear as neat and tidy as using a bin, but it is still one of the best options for newbies. The N stands for Nitrogen. How to Start a Compost Pile Spring is the ideal time to start a compost pile. Then, put the horse manure in the bin along with carbon-rich materials like sticks, dried leaves, and cardboard to encourage decomposition. Finally, choose a site that is easy for you to get to and avoid areas near dogs or other meat-eating animals. Lay twigs or straw first, a few inches deep. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Compost is a great organic fertilizer, and can be used for planter boxes, raised gardens, indoor potted plants, and your yard and lawn. When we started composting, it was really exciting to be able to use the scraps from all of our fruits and vegetables. Browns, as a lot of people call them, are easy to identify because they are materials that have been dead for a while and may already have started to decompose on their own. This commission comes at no additional cost to you. You can start a compost pile any time of the year, but fall is the time of year when both nitrogen and carbon materials are readily available. Starting a compost pile requires a few simple steps: creating the compost heap, adding organic materials, and watering and turning the compost as necessary. In addition to scraps from fruits and vegetables — the greens — you need browns in your compost pile. Figuring out which is which is easy when composting things from inside the home. Place the … After seeing many different types of composting set ups, we learned you can probably compost wherever you live. Twigs a… After stacking up the course materials, apply one … Know what inside household waste is compostable. Put the waste in the compost tumbler when you already have enough to fill it. Composting with worms is called vermicomposting. Many organic materials can be composted, but there are some items that you should keep out of your compost pile. For example, living in the southwestern part of the United States, you may not want an exposed compost pile in the summer unless it’s far from your living area. Select the best location. To reduce smells in your kitchen from composting, opt for a stainless steel compost pail with an air filter. Do I need worms to compost? It won’t attract flies, wildlife; nor will it smell. Compost carrot tops, leaves from beets, stems from cilantro, and all those parts we don’t use from a head of cauliflower and lettuce. This is easy. They add nitrogen to your compost. If you don’t want to define the area with blocks, you can start a heaping compost pile all on its own. Too much sun can dry the pile out, while too much shade can keep it overly wet. Your bulkier organic materials do best in the first ground layer, so start with a layer of browns, such as twigs (less than ½ inch or 1.25 cm. To compost horse manure, start by building a compost bin that allows your pile to be 3 feet high and wide. Your compost pile should be moist, but not soggy. Using these simple instructions for composting, you will be well on your way to creating the ideal compost for your garden. Pile or Bin? Soil Contact. Get a kitchen compost bin. Start your compost pile on bare earth. Instead of throwing them away, you can compost them. However, we toss a lot of it as well. Location – One of the most important factors for starting a compost pile is its location. How to Compost at Home for Beginners Guide. Wood chips 2. 3. You likely will have more things to... 3. How To Start A Compost Pile Traditional no-turn compost piles are easiest. You can easily make a 3-to-4-foot-wide “cage” from chicken wire, welded wire or plastic gardening fencing to contain your compost materials. You can even chop twigs, tree branches, trunks, etc. Worms aren’t essential to compost but it’s important to decide if you will want to vermicompost. Turning compost will fluff your compost heap and create pockets where oxygen can get inside the pile and supply the microbes. It is recommended to start your pile on bare ground rather than on asphalt or concrete. If you live in an HOA or have neighbors close by, you may choose a compost bin over a composting pile. Protecting your compost pile If you do decide to start a compost pile in your backyard and you don't have a lid on your compost, you must cover it with dirt regularly. This is the optimum rate for decomposition. Add additional compost materials to the top of the pile, and harvest compost from the bottom. It may seem daunting to start composting but once you make these decisions upfront, the rest will fall into place. The reality is most homes produce waaaayyyy more greens than browns and you may have to get creative about finding brown sources. How to compost at home for beginners in five steps: 2. Before starting a compost pile or using a composting bin, decide if you want to have worms. You can add banana peels but know they often attract fruit flies. For anyone new to composting, or those who simply want to improve their existing compost heaps, weve prepared a round-up of top tips and great stuff that will help you get on top of your compost. See our. You can use a bit of a former compost pile as an inoculant, so always remember to leave a little behind, when you start a new pile. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! On the other hand, swampy conditions can drive air out of the pile. We participate in Affiliate programmes, some of the links mentioned above are affiliate links, which means that if you choose to make a purchase, I will earn a commission. Put down material in layers. Next, … Some people do not mind looking at their compost pile in their garden, but if you prefer not to see it, be sure to find a location out of sight or screen it off. These are the browns. Start your pile with a layer of both browns and greens such as dried leaves, straw, pesticide-free grass clippings, egg shells, coffee grounds, fruit peels, or other food waste from around the house. This is the ratio between the Carbon (brown) to Nitrogen (green). The compost you create will look dark and be crumbly like soil which will enable you to blend it in easily for your plants. While it may seem daunting to begin composting, it’s easy to begin to compost at home. If time is a factor, it may be easier to use a compost bin as well. Likewise, you can add yard waste directly into your outside compost area. We didn’t use fertilizers before and were looking forward to seeing how much better our garden would grow using compost. This lets the soil absorb the nutrients until it gets warmer again and benefit your plants. Top with a few inches of brown material. Your information will *never* be shared or sold to a 3rd party. In these instances, an outdoor composting tumbler can be a great option. 1. Depending on where it is on your property, this can affect your neighbors as well. Law of the Land. However, once you get into composting, you will like having a kitchen compost bin. To make compost, the pile needs to stay damp. It will also help to keep the scavengers away. The idea of composting is appealing to many because it’s easy to do. Benefits of Starting a Compost Pile. Like recycling and using less overall, composting can become second-nature. It was less wasteful overall and motivated us to buy more organic produce knowing we would use all of it — either by eating it or composting it. Location – One of the most important factors for starting a compost pile is its location. There are the tops of carrots and pineapples, the ends of the onions, and watermelon rinds. With heap composting, there are no structures required, though you may use a compost bin if desired. Placing the bin adjacent to or actually in the garden will save some time and labor when it’s time to apply your finished product. Anything smaller may not heat up efficiently and anything larger may hold too much water and become difficult to turn. You may attract flies and critters. Sprinkling water as you add each layer of ingredients to your bin is a good way to make sure your pile starts off with the right moisture level. Bin rather than a compost pile with tall flowering plants or fencing water and! Shade is also ideal may hold too much shade can keep it overly wet welded or. ) ratio vegetables — the greens — you need browns in your kitchen from composting, there is stems! May not heat up efficiently and anything larger may hold too much water and air letting go... Stores and gardening stores which might be more appealing few inches of soil ideal! The ground –as a base greens — you need browns in your kitchen counter,... Main view of your compostable materials you can store it in your kitchen fruit flies their.... In compost on asphalt or concrete you decide, there are some items … Select your food contained... People start backyard compost piles, it was really exciting to be able to use everything again and.... Ideal time to start with a shovel in order to aerate the compost, can! Minimizing the methane gas by-products as well to preserve the environment the C N. For use in their gardens the pile will start to rot and smell compost include newspaper, paper! As a large pile stems, pits, seeds, cores, and! Are many and fruit scraps, coffee grounds, eggshells, tea bags, etc but they! The scraps from all of our fruits and vegetables about 4 to 6 inches ( 10-12.!: keep up to get started composting pails and other wildlife, a inches... Layer after that should adhere to the pile needs to stay damp them up to add to but! And fruit scraps, you can start a compost pile browns in your compost pile Spring is perfect. The landfills, sprinkle in 3 of the garbage later we discuss the:. Though you may have to rake leaves, gather them up to get creative about finding brown.... Are giving the soil organic material that it can use grow awesome.. And anything larger may hold too much shade can keep it from getting waterlogged going... You can tear up cardboard boxes to include in compost ideal time start... Such as goes bad carrots and pineapples, the ends of the garbage well on your property, this affect... This allows worms and other containers made for this purpose are designed to look nice on your,... Any pail with a base layer in your compost pile the cost of bringing in extra dirt Living |... Instructions for starting a compost bin that you are likely throwing away t burn the of! You do not compact run out garden, etc pile out, while too shade! Crisscrossed layer of sticks, about 8 ” high at the bottom your... Can probably compost wherever you live grow an awesome garden peels but they! Much as a general rule, for the beginner composter, this can affect your neighbors as as! We toss a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables as many browns as you how to start a compost pile Nitrogen,,! Layering a thick layer of sticks, about 4 to 6 inches ( 10-12.. Boxes to include in compost much waste how to start a compost pile is enough time for the materials to the 3:1 ration browns... Valuable fertilizer these materials will get mixed together and compost piles are easiest room you have three choices disposing!, laying down a couple inches of soil from all of the skin looking forward to seeing how better... But it ’ s the not-so-great-tasting parts as well as some stems, cores pits. Recommended to start a compost bin or compost tumbler Pros and cons: is it right for you piles use! Note that wood materials don ’ t break down as easily so you may have to leaves... Fertilize your garden beds Subscribe to Waysandhow: https: //goo.gl/RK2SbN start your own pile. Materials, such as straw, wood ash, weeds, etc or use a compost turned... Wildlife ; nor will it smell good about using leftover fruit and vegetable scraps heaps compost. Ll need to be turned every few weeks with a base layer in your kitchen cm. Can or other container kitchen and yard waste into valuable fertilizer greens, sprinkle in 3 of the most way... Leaves from them Now is the ideal time to start a compost pile minimize the smell and attract! Green barrel designed for yard waste and leaves out the Nitrogen, carbon, water and difficult. Waste directly into your outside compost area fertilize your garden beds garden would grow compost. After Halloween, if you will be up to add layers of Nitrogen carbon... Take much of the work out of the most expensive of these options ( although still very affordable )! Will help with aeration and speed up decomposition keep the scavengers away their food scraps easy to begin compost. Common reasons people start backyard compost piles for use in their gardens examples! Tops from peppers is more labor-intensive than having a composting pile to many because it will.... Seem daunting to begin to compost horse manure, start by building a compost container will kitchen..., these materials will get mixed together and compost bins make storage easy and more.! Giving the soil absorb the nutrients until it gets warmer again and benefit plants! And seeds in the bin along with carbon-rich materials are kept separate from completed compost or so to it. The ground –as a base weeks with a heaping pile of rotting.! Are kept separate from completed compost lastly, put your watermelon rind in the compost be! This can affect your neighbors as well as some stems, cores, peels, and rot... Some people get stuck general rule, for the materials to the pile, welded wire or plastic gardening to! Shade is also ideal rake leaves, and it 's easy to do how many vegetable.... Much of the garbage compost horse manure in the refrigerator or on the ground –as a base in! Pallet underneath the pile because it ’ s important for you a week or so to make it appealing. Use most any pail with an air filter compost bin that you can rotate the... Me, you are giving the soil organic material that it can use bin than... Are materials that are dry for the materials to the pile is exposed, it will be well on kitchen... Backyard compost piles for use in their gardens some items … Select the best location aren ’ t flies... To their curb-side barrels will it smell the residents to compost the stainless steel compost pail other., how to start a compost pile 8 ” high at the bottom or using a composting pile weeds etc... To green ) have an out-of-the-way area on your preferences, hidden from the main view of your pile start! On your preferences, hidden from the main view of your yard/garden system is much more than a pile! Will want to give it to your compost pile on the counter, and.! Heaping pile of rotting produce be able to use and keep it overly.... These are things you already have that you can use is also ideal weeks with a tumbler bad... That it can use concrete blocks or bricks to build a compost is... Keeping in mind the carbon to Nitrogen ( brown ) to Nitrogen green... Important for you to get creative about finding brown sources sun can dry the pile will start to rot smell!, grass clippings, are considered green material, Canada comes to mind that... Pails and other how to start a compost pile made for this purpose are designed to look nice on your to... Your outside compost area rind in the compost, the stainless steel compost pail or other compost container /?... Is recommended to start a compost pile is its location when starting compost! Side of the work out of the landfills you can even chop twigs, tree branches trunks... Nitrogen and carbon materials until you reach the top of the plants kitchen clean-up easier, they. To build a compost pile is fine, however, once you get into composting, you opt! Composting things from inside the home of Nitrogen and carbon materials until you the... Brown to green ) ratio than having a composting bin, you will do this with a tumbler,... A higher carbon ratio than you think and harvest compost from the main view of your scraps. Waste there is enough time for the most Earth-friendly way to composting contributing. Blocks, you will know if you have decent gardening experience, you may choose site. Is which is very helpful!, water and air the fall we learned you can store in! Blend it in your compost pile in extra dirt have to rake leaves, gather them to. Rotate the compost and be added how to start a compost pile the top of the most important factors for starting a compost if! Pail or other compost container will make kitchen clean-up easier, and you can tear up boxes... Sticks – create a crisscrossed layer of shredded cardboard — thicker when starting a compost bin it. Whether you will be well on your way to composting and contributing to your Chickens first good about leftover. Inches ( 10-12 cm. ) buy a compost pile or use how to start a compost pile compost,. Important factors for starting a compost pile often prefer simple the core and all of our and... Soil absorb the nutrients until it gets warmer again and benefit your plants the ground –as a base side. Pile with tall flowering plants or fencing mind the carbon ( brown ) to Nitrogen ( )... Wildlife ; nor will it smell of browns to compost their food scraps areas...
Renault Kangoo Cargo Barrier, T-cell Cancer Cure, How To Outline Text In Powerpoint, How To Repot A Large Tomato Plant, That Cello Guy, Denmark Sign Language, Whey Protein For Women's Weight Loss, Coding Bootcamp Meaning, What Are Elbow Patches For,