Hyderabad is also home to the Indian Premier League franchise Sunrisers Hyderabad champions of 2016 Indian Premier League. [23], In 2019, the new state government allocated a budget of only ₹500 crore and immediately stopped all running projects in the middle of construction that was started by the previous Naidu government. [49] The seed capital is spread over an area of 16.94 km2 (6.54 sq mi). [5] Hyderabad is the largest contributor to the gross domestic product (GDP), tax and other revenues, of Telangana, and the sixth largest deposit centre and fourth largest credit centre nationwide, as ranked by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in June 2012. Telangana, known as the ‘bulk drug capital of India’ accounts for 40 per cent of the total bulk drug production in the country. Nehru Zoological Park, the city's one large zoo, is the first in India to have a lion and tiger safari park. [97] The city's "VIP areas", the Assembly building, Secretariat, and Telangana chief minister's office, have particularly low air quality index ratings, suffering from high levels of PM2.5's. Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah established Hyderabad in 1591 to extend the capital beyond the fortified Golconda. Should you have any questions, or wish to speak to our Qualified Financial Advisors at Telangana, Please Contact Us. [8] The European travellers von Poser and Thévenot found both names in use in the 17th century. [137][141][142]:11–18[143], Among the oldest surviving examples of Nizam architecture in Hyderabad is the Chowmahalla Palace, which was the seat of royal power. Ultimately state or union governments are not incurring any expenditure to construct the city but wholly financed by the income accrued from the sale of land for various development schemes (₹ 171.51 billion), loans and the local taxes (₹ 146.41 billion by 2037) to the CRDA. [52] Consequently, the population increased by 87%, from 3,637,483 in the 2001 census to 6,809,970 in the 2011 census, 24% of which are migrants from elsewhere in India,[78]:2 making Hyderabad the nation's fourth most populous city. (2) After expiry of the period referred to in sub-section (1), Hyderabad shall be the capital of the State of Telangana and there shall be a new capital for the State of Andhra Pradesh.". At each corner stands a 56 m (184 ft)-high minaret. [11], The name "Amaravati" derives from the historical Amaravathi village, the ancient capital of the Satavahana dynasty. 1,34,432 for the same year. [58][59][60] Pi Data Centre, the fourth largest of its kind in Asia with an investment of ₹600 crore (US$84 million), and Pi Care Services, a healthcare BPO,[clarification needed] were inaugurated at Mangalagiri IT park. [7][136] After the 1908 flooding of the Musi River, the city was expanded and civic monuments constructed, particularly during the rule of Mir Osman Ali Khan (the VIIth Nizam), whose patronage of architecture led to him being referred to as the maker of modern Hyderabad. [260]:18 Many elite clubs formed by the Nizams and the British such as the Secunderabad Club, the Nizam Club and the Hyderabad Race Club, which is known for its horse racing[261] especially the annual Deccan derby, still exist. Its capital is Hyderabad, being the largest city of Telangana. [189], In the past, Qutb Shahi rulers and Asaf Jahi Nizams attracted artists, architects and men of letters from different parts of the world through patronage. [50] Situated in the southern part of Telangana in southeastern India,[51] along the banks of the Musi River, a tributary of Krishna River located on the Deccan Plateau in the northern part of South India. [232][236] Hyderabad's first dial-up internet access became available in the early 1990s and was limited to software development companies. The nearest cities are Vijayawada at a distance of 30 km and Guntur at a distance of 18 km. [212] Developed during the 16th century, the Golconda style is a native style blending foreign techniques and bears some similarity to the Vijayanagara paintings of neighbouring Mysore. In 2020, Airports Council International, an autonomous body representing the world's airports, judged RGIA the Best Airport in Environment and Ambience and the Best Airport by Size and Region in the 15-25 million passenger category. The state has a road network of over 27,600 As of 2016[update], the tree cover is 1.7% of total city area, a decrease from 2.7% in 1996. [36] The Constitution of India, which became effective on 26 January 1950, made Hyderabad State one of the part B states of India, with Hyderabad city continuing to be the capital. [232] The available channels in Hyderabad include All India Radio, Radio Mirchi, Radio City, Red FM, Big FM and Fever FM. Three accused in the Samatha gang rape and murder case were convicted by a fast track court in Asifabad district and were awarded them death penalty. [75] The GHMC was formed in April 2007 by merging the Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad (MCH) with 12 municipalities of the Hyderabad, Ranga Reddy and Medak districts covering a total area of 625 km2 (241 sq mi). The resulting ethnic mix popularised cultural events such as mushairas (poetic symposia). [270] Intercity rail services operate from Hyderabad; the main, and largest, station is Secunderabad Railway Station, which serves as Indian Railways' South Central Railway zone headquarters and a hub for both buses and MMTS light rail services connecting Secunderabad and Hyderabad. [235] Satellite TV channels are accessible via cable subscription, direct-broadcast satellite services or internet-based television. Hyderabad was integrated into the Indian Union in 1948 and continued as a capital of Hyderabad State (1948–56). [150] As of 2006[update], the largest employers in the city were the state government (113,098 employees) and central government (85,155). [78]:3 In 2009 the World Bank Group ranked the city as the second best Indian city for doing business. This lasted until 1321, when the Kakatiya dynasty was annexed by Malik Kafur, Allaudin Khalji's general. [87], The HMWSSB regulates rainwater harvesting, sewerage services and water supply, which is sourced from several dams located in the suburbs. She converted to Islam and adopted the title Hyder Mahal. Hyderabad's central location between the Deccan Plateau and the Western Ghats, and industrialisation throughout the 20th century attracted major Indian research, manufacturing, educational and financial institutions. Hyderabad: As the going gets tough for the country in the time of COVID-19, Telangana, one of the youngest States in India, is shouldering a major and crucial responsibility – ensuring adequate drugs to fight the pandemic. [60], Heavy rain from the south-west summer monsoon falls between June and September,[61] supplying Hyderabad with most of its mean annual rainfall. North of the river are hospitals, colleges, major railway stations and business areas such as Begum Bazaar, Koti, Abids, Sultan Bazaar and Moazzam Jahi Market, along with administrative and recreational establishments such as the Reserve Bank of India, the Telangana Secretariat, the India Government Mint, Hyderabad, the Telangana Legislature, the Public Gardens, the Nizam Club, the Ravindra Bharathi, the State Museum, the Birla Temple and the Birla Planetarium. [130] Most of the city's parks and recreational centres, such as Sanjeevaiah Park, Indira Park, Lumbini Park, NTR Gardens, the Buddha statue and Tankbund Park are located here. Hyderabad has three national parks (Mrugavani National Park, Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park and Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park), and the Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary is about 50 km (31 mi) from the city. [93] Rapid urbanisation and increased economic activity has led to increased industrial waste, air, noise and water pollution, which is regulated by the Telangana Pollution Control Board (TPCB). [94][95] The contribution of different sources to air pollution in 2006 was: 20–50% from vehicles, 40–70% from a combination of vehicle discharge and road dust, 10–30% from industrial discharges and 3–10% from the burning of household rubbish. [26][29], In 1714, Mughal emperor Farrukhsiyar appointed Asaf Jah I as Viceroy of the Deccan with the title Nizam-ul-Mulk (Administrator of the Realm). [91] The government-owned India Post has five head post offices and many sub-post offices in Hyderabad, which are complemented by private courier services. [116] Among children aged 0–6 years, 373,794 are boys and 352,022 are girls—a ratio of 942 per 1000. [43], Amaravati is an Urban Notified Area and its urban development and planning activities are undertaken by the Amaravati Development Corporation Limited[44] and Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority (APCRDA). Hyderabad (/ˈhaɪdərəbɑːd/ (listen) HY-dər-ə-baad, Telugu: [ˈɦaɪ̯daraːbaːd], Urdu: [ˈɦɛːdəɾaːbaːd]) is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Telangana and the de jure capital of Andhra Pradesh. [192] The reign of the Asaf Jahi Nizams saw many literary reforms and the introduction of Urdu as a language of court, administration and education. [190] The Qutb Shahi dynasty particularly encouraged the growth of Deccani Urdu literature leading to works such as the Deccani Masnavi and Diwan poetry, which are among the earliest available manuscripts in Urdu. [23], The contribution from the government is to be repaid by the CRDA after 2037. Hence, Amaravati is being built to serve as the capital of Andhra Pradesh. [A] It occupies 625 square kilometres (241 sq mi) on the Deccan Plateau along the banks of the Musi River, in the northern part of South India. [18] Among the innovative features on the drawing board are navigation canals[19] around the city, and connecting to an island in the Krishna River. Examples include artificial lakes created by dams on the Musi, such as Hussain Sagar (built in 1562 near the city centre), Osman Sagar and Himayat Sagar. The Charminar has become an icon of the city; located in the centre of old Hyderabad, it is a square structure with sides 20 m (66 ft) long and four grand arches each facing a road. [59] The coolest temperatures occur in December and January, when the lowest temperature occasionally dips to 10 °C (50 °F). [221] Hyderabad is listed by UNESCO as a creative city of gastronomy. Prof. in gynaecology at Niloufer Hospital. They issued many coins with this Prakrit language which can be found in many inscriptions in this region today. A third of the slums have basic service connections, and the remainder depend on general public services provided by the government. [271], As of 2018[update], there are over 5.3 million vehicles operating in the city, of which 4.3 million are two-wheelers and 1.04 million four-wheelers. The same sections also define that the common capital includes the existing area designated as the Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation under the Hyderabad Municipal Corporation Act, 1955. [157] As of 2020, the IT exports from Hyderabad was ₹128,807 crore (US$15 billion), the city houses 1500 IT and ITES companies that provide 582,126 employment. [23] The entire city construction is planned by self-financing from loans and land selling with the state government's moral support. .mw-parser-output .toclimit-2 .toclevel-1 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-3 .toclevel-2 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-4 .toclevel-3 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-5 .toclevel-4 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-6 .toclevel-5 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-7 .toclevel-6 ul{display:none}, The name Hyderabad means "Haydar's city" or "lion city", from haydar 'lion' and ābād 'city', after Caliph Ali Ibn Abi Talib, also known as Haydar because of his lion-like valour in battle. A significant use of luminous gold and white colours is generally found in the Golconda style. Between 2018-19 [84][85]:1 The GHMC area contains 24 State Legislative Assembly constituencies,[86] which form five constituencies of the Lok Sabha (the lower house of the Parliament of India). [106] The city has about 4,000 individual clinics. The name Telangana is derived from the word Trilinga Desa means land of three lingas which are three ancient Shiva Temples at Kaleshwaram, Srisailam, and Draksharama. [59] Summers (March–June) are hot and humid, with average highs in the mid-to-high 30s Celsius;[60] maximum temperatures often exceed 40 °C (104 °F) between April and June. [187][227], One of Hyderabad's earliest newspapers, The Deccan Times, was established in the 1780s. ", "Twin festivals pile more garbage load on GHMC", "Co-benefits analysis of air pollution and GHG emissions for Hyderabad, India", "Pollution up in Hyderabad post Pollution Control Board split", "50 research scholars to study pollution", "Use of multi-objective air pollution monitoring sites and online air pollution monitoring system for total health risk assessment in Hyderabad", "Gasping for breath in VIP areas, blame it on toxic cloud in the air", "If Singur, Manjira dry up, there's Krishna", "Welcome to Commissionerate of Health and Family Welfare", "Health and living conditions in eight Indian cities", "168 professors needed in Ayush department", "Economy, population and urban sprawl a comparative study of urban agglomerations of Banglore and Hyderabad, India using remote sensing and GIS techniques", "Greater Hyderabad population set to cross 1 crore mark", "AP slips further in national literacy ratings", "Incidence and burden of road traffic injuries in urban India", "Cultural, spatial and socio-economic fragmentation in the Indian megacity Hyderabad", "Hindu temples in Hyderabad: State patronage and politics in South Asia", "Urdu is now first language in Indian state of Telangana", "MCH plans citizens' charter in Telugu, Urdu", "Poverty reduction at city level: strategy development for Hyderabad", "Puranapul 'rented' out to vendors by extortionist", "Architecture of Hyderabad during the CIB period", "Heritage award for Hyderabad raises many eyebrows", "Jubilee hall a masterpiece of Asaf Jahi architecture", "The Qutb Shahi monuments of Hyderabad Golconda Fort, Qutb Shahi tombs, Charminar", "Qutb Shahi style (mainly in and around Hyderabad city)", "UNESCO Asia-Pacific heritage awards for culture heritage conservation", "Palaces of the Nizam: Asaf Jahi style (mainly in and around Hyderabad city)", "Civic infra bodies get a raw deal in budget", "Hyderabad in NYT 2011 list of must see places", "Sebi allows exit of Hyderabad stock exchange", "Telangana records 17.93 % growth in IT sector", "Telangana IT exports grows 18% at ₹1.28 lakh crore in FY20", "Hyderabad overtakes Bengaluru in IT office space occupation", "Hyderabad IT companies told to gradually ramp up operations", "Despite Telangana heat, city's information technology cup brimming over: report", "Biotechnology and pharmaceutical opportunities in India", "Hyderabad is a hot destination for Walsh", "Job market booming overseas for many American companies", "Special governance for Hyderabad needed for growth", "Presence of global IT boosts Hyderabad image", "Ease of doing business in Hyderabad – India (2009)", "Urban street food vendors in the food provisioning system of Hyderabad", "The courtesans of Hyderabad & Mehboob Ki Mehendi", "Hyderabad through the eyes of a voyager", "Mosques in Hyderabad remain a picture of neglect", "Efforts should be made to preserve traditional wear", "Anjuman Muhibban-e-Urdu to hold international mushaira", "State central library to sport a grand look again", "The original Urdu research centre (URC)", "The Urdu research centre, Hyderabad: a souvenir", "Women in the Hyderabad State in 19th and 20th centuries", "It's "teen maar" for marriages, festivals", "Doorway to culture in the name of Taramati", "Andhra Pradesh state film television and theater development corporation limited", "Telugu film industry MoU with Motion pictures association of America", "17th international children's film fest starts in Hyderabad", Centre for Cultural Resources and Training, "Partnership with the Salar Jung museum, Hyderabad", "Hyderabad figures in UNESCO list for rich culinary heritage", "UNESCO designates 66 new Creative Cities", "Hyderabadi haleem now close to being patented", "The original 'slow food' staple: a GI tag for the iconic Hyderabadi dish is reason to raise a toast", "Andhra Pradesh / Hyderabad news: legendary biryani now turns 'single, "Times food guide 2012 reaches Hyderabad", "Hyderabad Urdu papers launch campaign for simple weddings", "The long and interesting story of all India Radio, Hyderabad – part 1", "Radio stations in Andhra Pradesh, India", "Consolidated list of channels allowed to be carried by cable operators/ multi system operators/ DTH licensees in India", Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), "Information and communication technologies throughout the world", "Hyderabad begins rollout of public WiFi", "Many of India's poor turn to private schools", "Centre extends 40-cr aid to Urdu schools", "SSC results: girls score higher percentage", "Vice chancellor's speech about Osmania university", "Cabinet gives nod for setting up AIIMS at Bibinagar in Telangana", "Blow to students as Unani PG seats slashed", "Anand Sharma lays foundation for National Institute of Design, Hyderabad", "Synthetic track at GMC Balayogi stadium will be protected:SAAP", "Last in 2008, toppers this year: Deccan script IPL fairytale", "Gokak racer wins off-road rally in Mumbai", "1,200 new vehicles a day choke Hyderabad roads", "Hyderabad Metro Rail is now second largest metro network in country", "Hyderabad Metro Rail becomes second largest metro network in India", "Pre-feasibility study for bus rapid transit", Institute for Transportation and Development Policy, "Co-benefits from transportation sector: A case study-Hyderabad, India", "Speed limits fixed for vehicles on city roads", "RGIA is sixth busiest airport in country", "Honour for Hyderabad international airport", Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research, Telangana State Road Transport Corporation, List of cities in Telangana by population, List of urban agglomerations in Telangana, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hyderabad&oldid=999728734, Cities and towns in Hyderabad district, India, High-technology business districts in India, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from October 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2006, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 2: Tokyo Climate Center (mean temperatures 1981–2010), This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 17:31. km) by Singapore Govt, Amaravati City Bhoomi Puja (ground-breaking ceremony) by Chief Minister, Submission of Seed Area Development Plan by Singapore Govt, Workshop with experts on Capital City master plan (3 days), Workshop with experts on Capital City master plan. [254], Institutes in Hyderabad include the National Institute of Rural Development, Nalsar University of Law, the Indian School of Business, the National Geophysical Research Institute, the Institute of Public Enterprise, the Administrative Staff College of India and the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy. Hyderabad state was split into three parts, which were merged with neighbouring states to form the modern states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Bus services operate from the Mahatma Gandhi Bus Station in the city centre with a fleet of 3800 buses serving 3.3 million passengers. [209] The city has hosted international film festivals such as the International Children's Film Festival and the Hyderabad International Film Festival. Besides western and Indian popular music genres such as filmi music, the residents of Hyderabad play city-based marfa music, Dholak ke Geet (household songs based on local folklore), and qawwali, especially at weddings, festivals and other celebratory events. [31][32] Under the influence of Asaf Jah I's opponents, Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah issued a decree to Mubariz Khan, the governor of Hyderabad, to stop Asaf Jah I which resulted in the Battle of Shakar Kheda. [134][135] As of 2013[update], it contributed 15% of India's and 98% of Andhra Pradesh's exports in IT and ITES sectors[174] and 22% of NASSCOM's total membership is from the city. [208] Films in the local Hyderabadi dialect known as Deccani film industry, Deccanwood/Dollywood are also produced and have been gaining popularity since 2005. With an average altitude of 542 metres (1,778 ft), much of Hyderabad is situated on hilly terrain around artificial lakes, including the Hussain Sagar lake, predating the city's founding, in the north of the city centre. [173] Hyderabad is a global centre of information technology, for which it is known as Cyberabad (Cyber City). [266] The large number of vehicles coupled with relatively low road coverage—roads occupy only 9.5% of the total city area[77]:79—has led to widespread traffic congestion[272] especially since 80% of passengers and 60% of freight are transported by road. [51] Religious sites include the Amaralingeswara Swamy Temple, and the Amaravati stupa in the Amaravati heritage complex. According to the 2011 Census of India, Hyderabad is the fourth-most populous city in India with a population of 6.9 million residents within the city limits, and has a population of 9.7 million residents in the metropolitan region, making it the sixth-most populous metropolitan area in India. [102], The Commissionerate of Health and Family Welfare is responsible for planning, implementation and monitoring of all facilities related to health and preventive services. The sculptures on the Limestone Marbels depict many Buddhist art, inscriptions and buddhist stupas serving as an eye feast. However, Hyderabad would remain as the joint capital of both states for a period not exceeding ten years. [247] The Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Open University, established in 1982, is the first distance-learning open university in India. [54][56] As of 1996, the city had 140 lakes and 834 water tanks (ponds). Telangana - Telangana - History: Sanskrit writings dating to about 1000 bce mention that “Andhra” people were living in the region now occupied by Telangana state, but historical references begin only with the Mauryan dynasty (late 4th to early 2nd century bce) to the north. [188] In addition to the traditional Indian and Muslim garments, increasing exposure to western cultures has led to a rise in the wearing of western style clothing among youths. Telangana’s industry minister K. T. Rama Rao believes that Hyderabad has cemented its position as the vaccine capital of the world. Many of the city's historical and traditional bazaars remain open. [46], The APCRDA has its jurisdiction over the city and is the conurbation covering Andhra Pradesh Capital Region. It is the seventh-largest state by area covering an area of 162,975 km 2 (62,925 sq mi) and tenth-most populous state with 49,386,799 inhabitants. 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Ii, who reigned from 1762 to 1803, ended the instability 116-kilometre-long ( 72 mi.... Harem to its exports in the Amaravati heritage complex Guntur, Vijayawada and Guntur on. Would flourish where there is peace '' district, on 1 November the. Hyderabad style originated in the history of Andhra Pradesh for the Sports of... Of September 2019, the city was originally called Baghnagar 'city of gardens ', [ 7 ] later. Originally called Baghnagar 'city of gardens ', [ 7 ] and later acquired the name `` Amaravati '' from... Amaravati Stupa in the Amaravati project has substantially slowed with no deadline sight. To its exports in the informal economy that employs 30 % working class the fortified Golconda as. That use Unani, homoeopathic and Ayurvedic treatments [ 79 ] the of!
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