The decision to double down on pro-Government militias to address the threats posed by al- Shabaab thus risks producing new drivers of conflict while perpetuating deeply rooted intercommunal tensions. Malaria - Overview How to Protect Yourself Against Malaria World Malaria Risk Chart. The full case study can be found here. On February 10, the regional court in Hargeisa suspended the Foore newspaper for one year and fined the editor, Abdirashid Abdiwahab Ibrahim, 3 million Somaliland shillings (US$300). Efforts have been made to combat this problem, but as of now, they have proved to be relatively ineffective. Despite USD $1 billion of international financial assistance and international training since 2012, the Somali National Army (SNA) continues to lack the gamut of fighting capacities, relying instead on international forces to wrest territory from al- Shabaab, or even to keep the group from openly retaking other large territories, including majorcities. The second section of the study also reviews various types of militia groups in Somalia, including clan-based forces, contract militias, federal member state paramilitary darwish and militias sponsored by external actors. The humanitarian crisis in the country continued due to the ongoing conflict, violence, and increasingly frequent drought. It will seek to address the zonal, regional and November 2020. CCCM partners in Somalia play a critical role in administering site­‐level coordination which feeds up to the national level. This material has been funded by UK aid from the UK government; however the views expressed do not necessarily reflect the UK government’s official policies. Ethiopia and Somalia have not faced an infestation on this scale for 25 years, while Kenya has not seen a locust threat this size for 70 years, the FAO said earlier this week. According to humanitarian agencies, over 173,255 people had been evicted, most forcibly, by August 2019, primarily in Mogadishu. Amnesty International documented the killing of a member of parliament and a child on December 14. Report of the Secretary-General on Somalia (S/2018/800) Source. International donors supported the establishment of a new civilian court and prison complex in Mogadishu. Al-Shabaab remains one of Somalia’s most powerful political and military actors. They compete with each other and, at times, with the federal Government. For instance, the federal member states — which carefully guard their autonomy, despite the existence of a formally agreed Somali national security infrastructure framework — see the militias as a crucial security hedge against the power of Mogadishu, Somalia’s capital. It declared that  2.1 million Somalis face acute food insecurity, as of late September, many of them children and internally displaced. COVID-induced khat shortage adds to health problems in Somalia Friday July 24, 2020 A doctor reviews a patient at the Habeeb Mental health hospital where they deal with khat addiction in Waberi district of Mogadishu, Somalia June 23, 2020. This study first provides an overview of the evolution and current state of the political, economic and battlefield power of al-Shabaab, alongside the capacities and deficiencies of both the various Somali national security services and the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM). Appointment of electoral commissions, in charge of overseeing upcoming indirect elections, sparked major dispute; tensions rose with Kenya; and Al-Shabaab continued deadly attacks. Somalia removes prime minister in no-confidence vote 170 of 178 MPs back motion against Hassan Ali Khaire for failing to move towards democratic elections Published: 25 Jul 2020 The states can use the militias as a bargaining tool in their negotiations with Mogadishu over power distribution. Rather than respond to the military chain of command, many local SNA units display greater loyalty to their own clan and community interests; they use the SNA to abuse and exploit rival clans. All Somali parties to the conflict commited serious abuses against children, including killings, maiming, and the recruitment and use of child soldiers. COVID-Induced Khat Shortage Adds to Health Problems in Somalia More Somali men buy khat stimulant leaves at an open air market in Hodan district of Mogadishu, Somalia June 22, 2020. 2018-2020 1. continue to threaten several lives in Somalia today. As a result, it is imperative that CCCM partners are equipped with guidance in order to continue site-­‐level activities supporting displaced with the ongoing COVID-­‐ 19 pandemic. Dozens were arbitrarily arrested, reportedly including children. In April, AFRICOM acknowledged two civilian casualties in an April 2018 strike, citing internal reporting errors. Dozens of government and security officials as well as former electoral delegates and clan elders who had been involved in the 2016 electoral process, were assassinated; Al-Shabab claimed responsibility for some of the killings. The study then assesses the effectiveness and shortcomings of existing responses to militias in Somalia, providing recommendations to national actors, policymakers and practitioners. But eight years later, many of these efforts have not yet delivered results. Report of the Secretary-General on Somalia (S/2017/1109) Source. The Centre provides training for young displaced Somali men and women in construction, engineering and plumbing. Avoiding or minimizing the creation of new militia groups; Appropriate vetting of militias prior to integration into the Somali official forces; Steps to end impunity for human rights violations; Provision of human rights and civics training; Establishment of a salary system for militia members integrated into the Somali national forces; Creation of an international payroll for some militias (for example, darwish) conditioned on a serious vetting process for human rights abuses; Developing a strategy for al- Shabaab that prioritizes support to local conflict resolution within communities and across clans. Internally displaced women and girls remain at particular risk of sexual and gender-based violence by armed men and civilians. Somalia have high rates of stunting. The study also builds on the author’s previous fieldwork in Somalia in March 2015 and December 2017.5 To protect the safety of interlocutors and to encourage them to speak honestly and openly, all interviews during this and previous fieldwork trips are reported without the use of names. The following introduction is an excerpt from the case study, "The problem with militias in Somalia: Almost everyone wants them despite their dangers," produced by Vanda Felbab-Brown for the United Nations University report, "Hybrid conflict, hybrid peace: How militias and paramilitary groups shape post-conflict transitions," of which Adam Day was the project lead. The UN documented over 100 incidents of sexual violence against girls. They give rise to and allow the entrenchment of powerful militant groups such as the Al-Qaida- supporting, jihadist Harakat al-Shabaab al-Mujahideen, commonly referred to as al-Shabaab. 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