Homelessness is a problem that has no regard for its victims. ***HIV, human immunodeficiency virus; HBV, hepatitis B virus; HCV, hepatitis C virus. Many girls not given the opportunity to gain an education, some girls have no other option than to take on responsibilities of housework, school and managing a job to help support their family. Policy Intervention 6. The majority of studies concluded that child labor is associated with higher prevalence of mental and behavioral disorders, as shown in the results. Required fields help reduce the amount of missing information needed to process each request. We also retrieved 23 studies through screening of the references, following the screening by title of retrieved studies. Additionally, most of the studies are confined to a single country. In total, 12 studies compared outcomes between working children and a control group (Table 1). Finances were of great concern at the time for all of America. Workers in manufacturing had a significantly increased risk for musculoskeletal pain and back pain, while child workers in domestic services had 17% more musculoskeletal pain and 23% more back pain than non-workers. If housework where included in this definition of child labor, there would be a significant increase in the work activity among young girls. THE NATURE AND EXTENT OF CHILD LABOUR IN ZIMBABWE: A CASE STUDY OF GOROMONZI DISTRICT FARMS IN ZIMBABWE BY ... preliminary literature review, and some of the limitations of the study. From the year, 2000 up until 2012 child labor has fallen from 250 million to 168 million. The Welfare Economics of Child Labor 5. Families that battle with financial duties, cannot cope with the persistent demand for their children, and neglect to even provide adequate nutrition. (22 March 2017) Common social policy interventions can reduce child labor, but may also have unintended consequences. We can create an original paper just for you! For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription. Though previous systematic reviews conducted on the topic in 19 971 and 20 078 reported outcomes in different measures, our findings reflect similar severity of the health impacts of child labor. 2021 © StudyDriver.com - Big database of free essay examples for students at all levels. Eight studies measured physical health effects through clinical examination or blood samples, in addition to self-reported questionnaires. Concerning physical health, many studies reported the prevalence of general symptoms (fever, cough and stunting) or diseases (malnutrition, anemia and infectious diseases). In recent years, a growing number of authors have turned their attention to the question of why children work. More than one-fourth of the world’s people live in extreme poverty rely on their children to help provide for some of the most basic necessities (U.N. statistics ,2005). Several studies have shown that in many countries children attend school and also work; part-time child labor can still be harmful for human capital accumulation since it does compete with other human capital that may be considered developing activities such as studying at home(Galli,2001). (n.d.). Research conducted in the UK, because of adverse outcomes in children, resulted in acts for child labor in 18 02.3 Many countries followed the UK, in recognition of the associated health risks. Previous reviews have described different adverse health impacts of child labor. Child labor subjects children to abuse, whether verbally, physically or sexually which ultimately results in psychological disturbances and behavioral disorders. We retrieved 1050 studies on PubMed and 833 studies on Science Direct, with no duplicates in the search results. Retrieved November 9, 2018, from https://www.hrw.org/news/2017/09/19/progress-slows-ending-child-labor. Previous reviews have described different adverse health impacts of child labor. School attendance, family income and status, daily working hours and likelihood of abuse, in its different forms, were found to be associated with the mental health outcomes in working children. *The quality is based on the percentage of Downs and Black10 tool, < 50% = poor, 50–75% = fair, > 75% = good. Under the government's close supervision, this needs to stop happening. Our search algorithm was [(‘child labor’ OR ‘child labor’ OR ‘working children’ OR ‘occupational health’ OR ‘Adolescent work’ OR ‘working adolescents’) AND (Health OR medical)]. The primary reason that is attributed to homelessness is [...], Every city, in every state, in every country, in every continent has one thing in common: a large population of homeless people. The different requirements for the two types of trafficking may be related to the ability of children to work legally in the United States in certain situations (Owens et al. (n.d.). Child labor remains a major public health concern in LMICs, being associated with adverse physical and mental health outcomes. This reflects a failure of policies not only to eliminate child labor, but also to make it safer. With the renewed interest in child labour as an economic and social problem, researchers have attempted to assess its linkages to the core elements of human capital, hoping to solve continuing riddles in development policy and improve the quality of life for the world¿s … It is particularly dangerous because it involves the sacrifice of a child‟s future welfare in exchange for immediate benefit; it … The state of the world’s children 2016: a fair chance for every child. Retrieved November 9, 2018, from https://www.unicef.org/sowc07/docs/sowc07_panel_3_3.pdf, Progress Slows in Ending Child Labor. Studies that met the following criteria were considered eligible: sample age 18 years or less; study was conducted in LMICs; and quantitative data was reported. and World Bank in terms of international labour standards and human rights conventions. We will send an essay sample to you in 2 Hours. In 1932, the year M.P was born, the United States was in the midst of the Great Depression and just a few years away from the start of World War II. The economic exploitation of children is an insult to humanity. 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