The flax plant (Linum usitatissimum) provides the fiber that is spun into linen. The stem consists essentially of a central woody core and a surrounding cortex which contains the flax or bast fibers. In the past, slubs were traditionally considered to be defects, and were associated with low-quality linen. Harvesting flax is mostly done by hand. Bast fibers are fibers collected from the phloem, or the inner-bark of the plant. Learn how your comment data is processed. (2011). Today, flax is a prestige fiber as a result of its limited production and relatively high cost. A linen handkerchief, pressed and folded to display the corners, was a standard decoration of a well-dressed man's suit during most of the first part of the 20th century. Bast fiber, which is obtained from the stems of various plants, can also be harvested from plants such as hemp, ramie and jute. It is also found in wall coverings, drapery, and upholstery fabric. Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant. [citation needed], In 2018, according to the United Nations' repository of official international trade statistics, China was the top exporter of woven linen fabrics by trade value, with a reported $732.3 million in exports; Italy ($173.0 million), Belgium ($68.9 million) and the United Kingdom ($51.7 million) were also major exporters. ", "Linen Fiber and Linen Fabrics from the Flax Plants", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Linen&oldid=993345285, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2016, Articles with incomplete citations from January 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 03:11. In recent years bulk linen production has moved to Eastern Europe and China, but high-quality fabrics are still confined to niche producers in Ireland, Italy and Belgium, and also in countries including Poland, Austria, France, Germany, Sweden, Denmark, Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia, the Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland, Britain and Kochi in India. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. A blend of linen, rayon and linen, cotton in a variety of bright and iridescent colors. [24], Linen was also an important product in the American colonies, where it was brought over with the first settlers and became the most commonly used fabric and a valuable asset for colonial households. Linen wrinkles very easily, and thus some more formal garments require ironing often, in order to maintain perfect smoothness. [30] The homespun movement encouraged the use of flax to make home spun textiles. The earliest written documentation of a linen industry comes from the Linear B tablets of Pylos, Greece, where linen is depicted as an ideogram and also written as "li-no" (Greek: λίνον, linon), and the female linen workers are cataloged as "li-ne-ya" (λίνεια, lineia). Because of these properties, linen is comfortable to wear in hot weather and is valued for use in garments. It can withstand high temperatures, and has only moderate initial shrinkage.[45]. Linen uses range across bed and bath fabrics (tablecloths, bath towels, dish towels, bed sheets); home and commercial furnishing items (wallpaper/wall coverings, upholstery, window treatments); apparel items (suits, dresses, skirts, shirts); and industrial products (luggage, canvases, sewing thread). Cotton fibers come from the seed pod of the plant and are not bast fibers although cotton is also cellulose.) They brought improved methods for linen production with them, contributing to the growth of the linen industry in Ireland in particular. [38][full citation needed]. Linen can degrade in a few weeks when buried in soil. Fabrics made from these fibers are typically quite strong and durable fabrics. There are two varieties: shorter tow fibers used for coarser fabrics and longer line fibers used for finer fabrics. The flax stalks are processed using traditional cotton machinery; however, the finished fibers often lose the characteristic linen look. Linen is a bast fiber, which means it comes from the inner part of the plant. [12] The Sumerian poem of the courtship of Inanna mentions flax and linen.[13]. might be 40 lea, and give 40x300 = 12,000 yards per pound. Linen is strong, absorbent and dries more quickly than cotton. Fine white linen is also worn by angels in the New Testament (Revelation 15:6). The harvested flax is then left in bundles in the field for a few weeks. [9], In December 2006, the General Assembly of the United Nations proclaimed 2009 to be the International Year of Natural Fibres in order to raise people's awareness of linen and other natural fibers. [citation needed] For example, the Tarkhan dress, considered to be among the oldest woven garments in the world and dated to between 3482 and 3102 BC, is made of linen. Bast fibre (also called phloem fibre or skin fibre) is plant fibre collected from the phloem (the "inner bark", sometimes called "skin") or bast surrounding the stem of certain dicotyledonous plants.It supports the conductive cells of the phloem and provides strength to the stem. This makes it a little tricky to weave with linen yarn, because you have to wind the yarn perfectly. Garments made of linen are valued for their exceptional coolness and freshness in hot and humid weather. The Egyptians having along the banks of the preferred traditional supports for oil painting Western European countries and Ukraine are! 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