Known as the "gardeners" of the forest, they help to disperse seeds and so are vital to their habitat. With only 84 thought to be living in the wild today, they are under threat due to illegal poaching. Also known as the Tasmanian tiger, the thylacine is probably the most endangered species on this list; in fact, it may no longer exist anywhere on earth! These whales live in most of the planet's oceans and seas, except for those in tropical and polar regions. Found along the North Island of New Zealand, Hector's dolphins are smallest and rarest in the world. Asiaeorientalis, With a population of fewer than 2,000, the Yangtze finless porpoise is known for its intelligence (comparable to a gorilla) and its mischievous "smile.". WWF works with local communities and governments to ensure their survival. VIDEOS GALLERIES. Working with partners, the WWF has helped to reconnect more than 40 floodplain lakes to the Yangtze River. Formerly, their range also included northeastern China, the Korean Peninsula, and as far west as Mongolia. 10 of the world's most endangered animals Meet the most endangered animals in the world, including the Javan rhino, vaquita, mountain gorillas and Asian elephants. As they move to areas with food, they are more susceptible to being caught in fishing nets. Known as the largest carnivorous marsupial of modern times, the thylacine is native to Australia, New Guinea and particularly Tasmania, its last known range. This was a very alarming situation but none … Since 2008, WWF has been tagging Atlantic bluefin tuna to find out more about the migration patterns; the agency is also doing work to prevent overfishing. Mainly found in tropical waters, and near coral reefs, sea turtles have lived in our seas for the last 100 million years, and they are a vital part of the marine ecosystem. To reduce the likelihood of extinction, the WWF is looking to establish a second population of Javan rhinos. Found in southern Chile, the Gulf of California and the Coral Triangle, blue whales are threatened by climate change, pollution and habitat loss. It is unfortunate, however, that some of our most beautiful animals are facing extinction. However, today this number has dropped by half. That has been the biggest reason why Rhinos ( the black rhino, the Javan rhino, and the Sumatran rhino has been one of the most endangered species around the world. This article picks out a handful of the most charismatic endangered species to discuss in detail. Nilanga Jayasinghe, senior program officer for Asian Species for WWF said:  "Habitat loss and the resulting human-elephant conflicts (HEC), which are negative interactions that occur when elephants enter or pass through human-inhabited areas, are the biggest threats to Asian elephants today. But overfishing has put many shark species, including whale sharks and hammerhead sharks, in danger of extinction. They can be found in the Gulf of California, the Coral Triangle and the Arctic. Conservationists worry that deforestation and poaching (which accounts for 80% of tiger deaths) could lead to their extinction, similar to what happened to their Javan and Balinese peers. There are so many whale shark facts to be known, but possibly the most popular is that these are the world’s largest living fish. Weighing up to 70 tons, these mammals can easily be identified by the white calluses on their heads. Sharks are some of the world’s most ancient animals, and as top predators, they are very important to marine food chains. Despite some being … These beautiful birds were once found across 13 U.S. states and three Canadian provinces. These magnificent creatures date back to the Ice Age and at one point in time, there were more than 30 million living in North America. Seabed mining, pollution and coastal developments also play their part. According to the World Wildlife Fund, these are the most endangered species of animals in the world. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer, (Image credit: Emmanuel Rondeau / WWF-UK), Spotlighting Trump's War on Wildlife on Endangered Species Day (May 15th), Woman's garden 'stepping stone' turns out to be an ancient Roman artifact, Identical twins don't share 100% of their DNA, An alien machine already visited us, Harvard astrophysicist still contends, New type of ultra-strong chemical bond discovered, Earth is whipping around quicker than it has in a half-century, Jaguar kills another predatory cat in never-before-seen footage. Conservation efforts have seen an increase in the population; but poaching, disease and an encroaching human population still pose threats. It is estimated that there are as few as 35 Amur leopards left in the wild. Stay up to date on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to our newsletter today. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data Book), founded in 1964, is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species.It uses a set of criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies. The sloth is lower than the other sloths and is only 48 to 53 cm long. Black Rhino. Amur Leopard. Overfishing and bycatching has led to the steady decline of the population. Working with the Sindh Agriculture Extension Department, the WWF works to improve agricultural practices near their habitat; the WWF has also saved more than 80 of the dolphins from irrigation canals. They have recorded the fastest decline of any bird species in recorded history. They have bear-like bodies but are only slightly larger than a domestic cat. These curious-looking dolphins can be found in freshwater rivers such as the Indus River in Pakistan and the River Beas, in Punjab, India. The largest land mammal on the Asian continent, the Asia elephant weighs around 11,000 pounds and lives in 13 countries across South and Southeast Asia. The Indian elephant can weigh up to 5 tons and can grow up to 21 feet long. The world is full of stunning, natural beauty, including more than 10,000 species of bird. Pollution and the mass production of plastics has also had a devastating impact, according to the WWF. Climate change, overfishing, poaching and deforestation are just some of the man-made issues that have led many species to the brink of extinction. Deforestation has meant Cross River gorillas now live close to humans and as a result are at risk of illegal poaching. Unfortunately, there are only two northern white rhinos left on the planet, both females, and they live at the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya. Northern Right Whale The Northern right whale is the most endangered of the whale species. They are not only important to the marine ecosystem, but are also culturally important to indigenous communities. The largest animal in the world has a heart the size of a Volkswagen Beetle, weighs close to 200 tons and is the loudest animal on Earth, with their calls reaching 188 decibels. Please refresh the page and try again. !...top ten endangered animal species in the world..do u know them??? Found in Borneo and Sumatra, the Sumatran elephant shares its habitat with the Sumatran rhino, tiger and orangutan. They are found in Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and the Republic of Congo. One of the most familiar endangered species in the world, the giant panda spends half its day eating, and bamboo makes up 99% of their diet. The world's last male northern white rhino has died, age 45, leaving the species "functionally extinct". First discovered in 1801, dolphins are one of the oldest creatures in the world. There are countless endangered species around the world. Pollution, excessive egg collection and coastal development also play a part in their decline. Poaching, habitat loss and tiger farms has increased the need for better habitat protection. Because of this, three of the five species of rhinoceros are among the most endangered species in the world: the black rhino, the Javan rhino, and the Sumatran rhino. There are three species — Bornean, Sumatran and Tapanuli — and they live a solitary existence in lowland forests. Considered a luxury food item in South East Asia, the humphead wrasse is vulnerable to overfishing. An Amur leopard cub. Introduced animals, such as dogs, have spread diseases on the islands and also pose a predator threat. There are three species of bluefin tuna — Atlantic, Pacific and Southern — with the Atlantic species being the most endangered. Silky sifaka(Propithecus candidus), fewer than 1,000 still alive The World's 100 most … "Restoring populations of the endangered black-footed ferret requires innovation and perseverance,” said Kristy Bly, WWF senior wildlife conservation biologist. Some of our website features may not function as a result. There are only 400 remaining, all of which live on the island of Sumatra. Daily Dosage Subscribe Unsubscribe 852. While poaching is no longer considered a threat, the main threat to the giant panda is loss of habitat and fragmentation of their habitat due to agriculture. Barney Long, senior director of Species Conservation at Global Wildlife Conservation, said: "Unless deforestation on the island of Sumatra is halted, we could possibly see the Sumatran elephant be restricted to just a few remote populations within our lifetimes.". At the moment the national park is the Javan rhinos' only chance of survival, so it is vital they are protected from any threats. WWF is working with fisheries to reduce turtle by-catch with the introduction of turtle-friendly hooks. Many species in our world today are becoming endangered due to a loss of their primary habitat. WWF has been working to help protect areas where these tigers live and breed. Ganges River dolphins are found only in freshwater, where they hunt using ultrasonic sounds due to their essential blindness. The Mountain Gorilla U.S. 7. However, in 2017 China banned the elephant ivory trade, which has led to a drop in demand. Even … Seven species of turtle live in the ocean. If we want to save the Sumatran orangutan we have to save their forest home," said Barney Long, senior director of Species Conservation at Global Wildlife Conservation. Most Endangered Birds in the World. WWF has been working to stop companies from clearing natural forest outside Bukit Tigapuluh National Park. The species is divided into three subspecies based on where they live on the island of Borneo — Northwest Bornean, Northeast Bornean and Central Bornean. Being at the top of the food chain, the sei whales play an important part in the health of marine environments. Sea Lions can grow up to 6 feet (1.8 meters) long and weigh more than 400 pounds (181 kilograms). Weighing up to 12,000 pounds (5,443 kilograms) and growing to over 10 feet (3 meters) tall, the Sri Lanka elephant is one of the largest species of elephant in Asia. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Panthera pardus orientalis. Highly intelligent creatures, orangutans share 96.4% of our genes. Not only is it the only herbivore but the green sea turtle is also the largest among its species. The smallest of the Asian elephant subspecies, they are found in Borneo and Sumatra. "Ten years ago, World Wildlife Fund joined the 13 tiger range country governments in an effort to double the number of tigers in the wild by 2022, the next Chinese Year of the Tiger," said Nilanga Jayasinghe, senior program officer for Asian Species at the World Wide Fund for Nature. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on May 15 2017 in Environment. Tweet Share on Facebook. They are now found only in Borneo and Sumatra, though they once lived in the eastern Himalayas, eastern India and Thailand before becoming extinct in those areas. 10 of the World's Most Endangered Animal Species. Top 10 Animals Endangered by Climate Change, Top 10 Animals with the Most Unusual Mating Tactics. Ivory poaching has also been an issue, despite the elephants having smaller tusks than other species, WWF said. Found roaming around the Amur River in Southeast corner of Russia in the Sikhote-Alin mountain range east of the Amur River, the Amur tiger is one of the most endangered animals in the world. New oil palm plantations and settlements have led to an increase in contact with humans. Poaching has led to a decline in rhino numbers. The species is now restricted to the north part of the island due to agricultural development, such as palm oil plantations, and fires. They can weigh up to 400 pounds and are mostly found in tropical and subtropical waters. It has always been one of the most extinct species since then. They are arboreal and feed on leaves. What could be next? "We have been working to protect and connect tiger habitat, end the exploitation of tigers, and engage with local communities and others to further a people-centric approach for sustainable tiger conservation well into the future. White-rumped Vulture. You can only find these sloths on red mangroves. However, these elephants are now protected under Sri Lankan law and the punishment for killing one is the death penalty. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Panthera tigris sondaica. The black rhino, Sumatran tiger, and panda bear are some of the most endangered species in the world. The Baji only lives in the Yangtze River in China. The Javan rhino is the closest to extinction with only between 46 to 66 individuals left, all of … There are just under 17,000 southern white rhinos left in the wild. "The fate of Sumatran orangutans is inextricably linked to the islands' fast-disappearing forests. WWF has helped to stop humphead wrasse export in Malaysia, and since 2010 more than 860 have been released back into the wild. The WWF is working to improve fishing techniques and has called for a ban on gill-net fisheries. The first individual was identified in 1952 in the Nahuelbuta mountain range, Chile. Thank you for signing up to Live Science. The WWF has been working with park staff and other organizations to regain control of the park. They feed on plankton and are usually found in coastal waters. They help maintain the health of coral reefs by removing sponges, which provides reef fish access to feed. Tuna is an important part of our ecosystem, but overfishing is causing a real threat to their survival. These feathered beauties are one of 12 birds to inhabit the western Great Plains. Endangered Species. Unfortunately, the turtles are hunted for their beautiful shells, which are sold illegally to create jewellery and ornamental products. If we are to make a difference We must be aware!!! Found in the arctic, the beluga whales have distinctive bulbous foreheads that makes it easy for them to make a variety of different facial expressions. Once thought to be extinct, the black-footed ferret has made a comeback over the last 30 years, thanks to conservation efforts. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, there are over 35,500 endangered species across the world (and counting). Ever since 2000, the orangutan has become one of the world’s most endangered species. , pollution and entanglement in fishing nets pose some of the biggest threats, along with poachers that target them for use in traditional medicine. And while it is illegal to kill gorillas in Cameroon and Nigeria, the threat is very real. ", SCIENTIFIC NAME: Centrocercus urophasianus. Whale sharks are the largest of any fishes alive and are protected from fishing. An irrigation system built in Pakistan led to a decline in numbers, as well as dams and barrages in the 1930s, but the Indus River dolphins have adapted to the new conditions. Share. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Platanista gangetica gangetica. However, disease and habitat loss remain the key threats to the survival of these creatures. 0:14. Bocaccio Rockfish is currently in the middle of the list of top 10 most endangered fish species in the world this year. How did it die. A third subspecies is also believed to be extinct. Despite being protected under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, the Hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) are most threatened by wildlife trade. Poaching, for their horn, in the 20th century saw the population decline dramatically; and between 1960 and 1995, numbers dropped by 98%. While commercial whaling has been banned, the sei whales are still at risk from scientific whaling in Japan. They share 98.7% of their DNA with humans and can be found near the Congo River, in the Democratic Republic of Congo. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Dicerorhinus sumatrensis. There are more than 70 other species of rockfish but the Bacaccio Rockfish is the most endangered. Narwhals are dependent on sea ice, so climate change, oil and gas development and ocean noise threaten their existence. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cheloniidae and Dermochelyidae families. Living in one of the most densely populated areas of the world brings challenges. "Also, and to ensure healthy and growing black rhino populations, WWF supports efforts to establish new black rhino populations via translocations of rhinos from high-density areas to low-density areas with suitable habitat.". The nongovernmental organization was founded in 1961 and works across the world to protect our planet, habitats and species. However, climate change, oil and gas development and human development has cut their habitat to nearly half of that area. These magnificent creatures, feeding on plankton in and around the Mesoamerican Reef, Coastal East Africa, the Gulf of California and the Coral Triangle, are solitary, preferring to travel alone. More than 50% of the red panda population is found in the eastern Himalayas and they are primarily herbivores. Log in, By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. Poaching and deforestation, caused by civil unrest and poverty, have led to a decline in Bonobo numbers. Sea Lions are found in large colonies on the Galápagos, and are the most common pinnipeds to be found in the area. Visit our corporate site. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pongo abelii, Pongo pygmaeus. Due to habitat loss from expanding human development, farming and mining, 70% of elephants are now found outside protected land. The major threat to Vaquitas is the illegal finishing boats and trafficking. Due to these conservation efforts, which have included protection from disease and the establishment of new populations, there are now 300 of the ferrets in North America. Top 10 most endangered species in the world. The Javan rhino is the most endangered one as there are left only between 46 to 66 individuals around the whole world, most of which you can find in Ujung Kulon National Park in Indonesia. River pollution also impacts the health of the dolphins. Every year, 50 sei whales are killed as part of this program. However, they are still highly sought after for their meat, fins and oil which causes them a threat. NY 10036. © There are now believed to be just 1,500 left. MOST POPULAR. Accidental killings by humans and diseases such rabies and distemper have led to their decline. The fin whale is the second largest mammal in the world and can weigh up to 80 tons. These coral fish normally weigh around 400 pounds and can grow up to 6 feet long. The continental male tigers tend to weigh more than the Sunda tigers and they are all solitary creatures. The Hawksbill sea turtle is the most endangered species of turtle in the world, and is classified as critically endangered by IUCN, with an estimated global population of 8,000, with only 1,000 nesting females. It now has quite a few endangered species including the Jaguar, and the Uakari Monkey. Was founded in 1961 and works across the world, making it one of the most species. 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